Cobitidae

The Cobitidae are close relatives of the Cyprinidae and are found in both Europe and Asia. They possess a small number of barbels which they use to detect prey as they search the substrate. Given this feeding procedure, it is preferable to use a fairly fine, smooth sand. You can recognize these fish by the presence of a spine under the eye; this is designed for defense, but can also entangle the fish in the hand net. Loaches, as they are commonly known, are bottom-dwellers, and basically twilight species; they hide away during the day, so you will need to provide lurking places. They are happy with artificial food, but will not spawn in the aquarium.

Acanthophthalmus kuhli

The coolie loach. A number of species are available commercially under this name; they differ only in the pattern of their coloration. Shy and non-aggressive, they can leap through any tiny gap in the aquarium lid. They have been successfully bred with the aid of hormones, like the labeos; otherwise they rarely reproduce in captivity. Size: 12cm •

COBITIDAE

Botiamacracantha

The clown loach is the most well-known and commercially successful species of the genus Botia. All species are bottom-sifters, i.e., they search the substrate for food. None will breed in captivity. A twilight fish, mainly hiding away during the daytime the clown loach can be aggressive when cramped for space or defending territory. Size: 15 cm. T

Botia modesta

Theorange-finned loach takes its name from the more or less pronounced reddish-orange colorationofthefins. Less commonthanothermembers ofthe genus. Size: 15 cmv

Botia horae

Hora's loach changes color according to its moods, sometimes displaying pale banding. Rather more active than related species Size: 10-12 cm.

Acanthopsis choirorhynchus

The horse-faced loach or long-nosed loach is another twilight species, burying itself in the sand during daylight with only its head showing. Size: 15 cm.

Botia striata

One of the prettiest of the loaches, the zebra loach has thin transverse bands along its body. Size: 10 cm.

Acanthopsis choirorhynchus

The horse-faced loach or long-nosed loach is another twilight species, burying itself in the sand during daylight with only its head showing. Size: 15 cm.

The four main species of Acanthophthalmus

A. kuhli sumatranus

A. kuhli kuhli

A. kuhli sumatranus

A. myersi (slimy myersi)

A. semincintus (half-banded loach)

A. myersi (slimy myersi)

A. semincintus (half-banded loach)

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