Now available for your aquarium

Flow Through Aquarium Process

The worlds largest supplier of Protein Fractionators to the Commercial and Public Aquarium Industries

Professional Aquatic Life Support Systems

Wholesale to the trade only

Available from distributors and fine retailers

X-Flo Systems

1910 Pike Road Long mont, CO 80501 303-772-9969

100's of Public Aquariums/Universities/ Research Institutions or Retail Stores

Professional Aquatic Life Support Systems for your personal Marine Di^ilay

Versatile Needlewheel or r

Venturi driven models.

Accurate Level control with easily Guplicatable settings.

Purrn and Filter operate in or out of reservoir or any combination.

Unique flexible medical hose for simple and versatile pump connections.

Available with or without venturi, pump or needlewheel.

Unbreakable Molded Polycarbonate Lid, Cup & Cone.

Engineered for Performance Unique "foam charging" and "stilling" processes using hydraulically engineered flow velocity changes.

Entire unit disassembles for cleaning and upgrades.

Manufactured in the USA with FDA and NSF food grade approved materials.

6-2.5 models for 100 to 150 gallon and 6-3.5 models for 150 to 200 gallon aquaria.

continued frompg. 72

concept makes it an appealing one. Algae are grown on a scrgflnoT^tner removable and cleanabM medium. This surface is exposed to light and the aquarium water flows right ovei it. Harvesting the algae periodically results in the removal of phosphates utilized by algae. Surprisingly, these filters remainJhcommon in the saltwater hobby.

This unsightly brown algae is likely the result of a phosphate spike in the aquarium. The upside is that, after a water change and a good scrubbing, the tank should have lower phosphate levels because of the algae removal.

Another method of achieving the same results involves using a refugium for rapidly growing macroalgae to act as a phosphate sponge. Some of the most popular algae for this purpose are the Chaetomorpha sp. and Caulerpa sp., both of these algaes grow rapidly enough to consume significant amounts of phosphate. Easily set up and offering many diverse benefits beyond removing excess nutrients, refugiums provide a simple means of long-term phosphate control.

Controlling phosphates encompasses many facets of water quality management. By understanding the

Water Care

Filter Material

KORALvit Combi KORALvit B Iron & Manganese Strontium & Molybdenum KORALvit J

Liquidcalcium KHplus Magnesium + Kalkwassermix

KNOPcarbon

KORALlith

KNOP KORALlith is a natural a d phosphate-free calcium granulate that originates from fossilized marine habitats.

KNOP ReefBa ¡onsists f pure alc im c bonates at almost 99 % Because of its pi it. ai' the associated minerals and tr ce elements ReefBase is perfect as a substrate for reef aquaria.

KNOPca'bon GAC ha~ be n pi 'uced specifically for ma ne aq aria and de 'eloh the best adsotption rate n pi value; betv :en 7,5 and 3.5. o'ganic metabolites, "Gelbstoff" at gasis are ^ing>ound eliably.

The Successful Reef Aquarium

German Reefkeeping simplified by Daniel Knop

Till- StlLWKfrJ Rfcf Amiitrium

The reef aquarium hobby is being told to be complicated and expensive. Completely wrong, as this book proves. It shows a secure any easy way to set up and maintain fascinating reef aquaria with small effort and little investments.

The reef aquarium hobby is being told to be complicated and expensive. Completely wrong, as this book proves. It shows a secure any easy way to set up and maintain fascinating reef aquaria with small effort and little investments.

Phone: 714.456.9979 Fax: 714.456.0070 E-mail: [email protected]

Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm (PST) US MASTER DISTRIBUTOR

Biological algae removal is more common in marine aquariums in the form of an algae nutrient export system. Algae is removed after it has grown to a certain size. By removing the algae, the nutrients the algae used for growth (phosphates, etc.) are also removed.

role phosphates play in all life, and then in the aquarium, aquarists can begin to manage phosphate levels in the aquarium. Long-term natural methods of phosphate removal using plants offer the best chance for keeping phosphate levels low enough to limit algae growth. For those aquarists who cannot use plants or who face temporary high phosphate levels, phosphate-removal products may prevent excess algae overgrowth. U

For a complete '1st o, references for this artici , visit www.fishchan ne. om ai d ci,.K on this issue's tible of co 'ents.

Andy Ternay is an aquarium hobbyist with a fascination for both freshwater planted aquariums and reef systems. He has worked in aquarium-related retail, wholesale and manufacturing businesses.

Independent On/Off Control for Day l ight, Day Blue and Lunar Blue

• Pendant Mount or Direct to ijj. Aquarium vii Supplied [- Stand Off Mount

The new 5:>larii I 4 series pr duces PAR light output levels equal to 400W Ml i 15K. Using fess energy than a 4Q0<W MH liK Fixture, its LED', life expectancy is approximately su.ljoo hours almost eliminating bulb replacement. Heat is radiated away from the tank expelling the need for Chiilers, The Solans 1-4 produces only Vj the heat of Metal HglideS saving even more energy over traditional lighting method 5. The buitc in microprocessor allows the unit to dim rhe a din it blue LEDs, while LEDs, lunar aclinic bFue LEDs and lunar white LEOs independently from 0- lOO^o. Light can be adjusted from 6.5 K to 22 K to set the i deal co lor temperature. Su nrisa d ayl ight, cloud cover, sunset, ii n d ih c- lu nar Mflttt cycle, can all be set irtdepei>dently. g^HgEragf p pQgq^g^j^g

Pf-G lighting, Irn All nghit inmpd. M.ilnp-> hilcnl* PrnHmg

LED 11 LUMi NATION MORE POWERFUL

Than a 15K400 Watt metal Halide

Deep Deep Discounts

Red Sea Berlin Protein Skimmer

new!

3100hp 999gph

Berlin

Protein Skimmer by Red Sea 25-250 Gal. Tanks Patented Triple Pass Design Self Leveling Easy to Clean Tangential Venturi Design World's Best Selling Skimmer Guaranteed Lowest Price new! Merlin™

Fluidized Sand Filter Up to 250 gallons

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The word aquarium originates from the ancient Latin language, aqua meaning water and the suffix rium meaning place or building. Aquariums are beautiful and look good anywhere! Home aquariums are becoming more and more popular, it is a hobby that many people are flocking too and fish shops are on the rise. Fish are generally easy to keep although do they need quite a bit of attention. Puppies and kittens were the typical pet but now fish are becoming more and more frequent in house holds. In recent years fish shops have noticed a great increase in the rise of people wanting to purchase aquariums and fish, the boom has been great for local shops as the fish industry hasnt been such a great industry before now.

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