An African pool

Two main styles of aquarium can be recreated here. The fast, open waters of the Zaire River, for example, are home to few plants, since the high oxygen levels and rapid waters make conditions unsuitable for many species. This type of display would resemble a mountain stream biotope. By contrast, the lowland swamps, pools, and slow-moving streams found in many places, often by the sides of faster moving waters, are filled with aquatic plants. Along the muddy banks, species of Azolla, Eleocharis acicularis, and Ceratopteris grow in dense clumps in the nutrient-rich water and substrate. Temperatures in these areas can approach 86°F (30°C), although these need not be recreated in the aquarium. For best results, provide soft water with a pH between 6 and 6.8.

This aquarium represents the deeper area of a pool. The lack of water movement and large fish makes it a suitable environment for delicate-leaved species, such as Ammannia and Barclaya spp. The broken branches and wood often found in these pools can be represented by bogwood, which also releases tannic acids, helping to keep the pH level low. Many of the plants used here may need good lighting and a supply of liquid fertilizer.

Tank dimensions

Crinum natans (African onion plant) needs plenty of space, as it will quickly grow upward and along the surface.

Barclaya longifolia (Orchid lily) will add a little color to the aquarium display.

Aquarium Substrate Layer Levels

The substrate includes a nutrient-rich layer. A heating cable on the base creates currents to circulate a good supply of nutrients to the plants. A darker top layer of pea gravel or a dark lime-free substrate enhances the color of plants and fish.

Bacopa monnieri (Dwarf bacopa). In open areas with bright light, the plant grows short and compact.

Crinum natans (African onion plant) needs plenty of space, as it will quickly grow upward and along the surface.

The substrate includes a nutrient-rich layer. A heating cable on the base creates currents to circulate a good supply of nutrients to the plants. A darker top layer of pea gravel or a dark lime-free substrate enhances the color of plants and fish.

Barclaya longifolia (Orchid lily) will add a little color to the aquarium display.

Bacopa monnieri (Dwarf bacopa). In open areas with bright light, the plant grows short and compact.

Ammannia gracilis (Delicate ammannia). Bright lighting intensifies the leaf color.

Lagarosiphon major (African waterweed) grows quickly and rapidly assimilates nutrients from the water.

Bolbitis Heudelotii Natural Habitat

Bolbitis heudelotii (African fern) should be placed in the top half of the display.

Bogwood plays a significant part in this display. It provides a rooting medium for the bolbitis and for the anubias, which can be planted in any area of the aquarium.

Anubias species are tolerant of a wide range of conditions. Virtually any variety is suitable for this display, such as this short Anubias barteri var. nana.

Aquarium and Fish Care Tactics

Aquarium and Fish Care Tactics

Who Else Wants To Learn The Secret Tactics For Setting Up And Maintaining A Solid Aquarium Set At Home And Get The Most Exciting Information About Aquarium Fish Care In A Decade. You're about to discover the most comprehensive report on aquarium and fish care you will ever read on the internet in the next five minutes.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment