Other Plants Of Interest

Echinodorus Martii Propagation

Echinodorus bolivianus

Common name: Bolivian swordplant Origin: Brazil

Maximum height: 4.7 in (12 cm) Growth rate: Medium Area: Foreground Light: Bright

Temperature: 64~82°F (18-28'C) Propagation: From runners Difficulty: 1, 2

This small plant has few demands and will do well in medium light, making it a good foreground alternative to similar, small, yet light-demanding foreground plants. The leaves are light green, 4-4.7 in (10-12 cm) long and up to 0.4 in (1 cm) wide. An individual plant will produce many leaves and runners, eventually creating a carpet effect. An iron-rich substrate and additional C02 fertilization will help to keep it in good condition.

Echinodorus grondiflorus

Common name: Large-flowered Amazon swordplant

Origin: Central America Maximum height: 32 in (80 cm) Growth rate: Medium Area: Background, Specimen, or unusual Light: Bright

Temperature: 72-79°F (22-26'C) Propagation: By seed Difficulty: 2

Its size and leaf shape make the Amazon swordplant an imposing specimen, best suited to spacious aquariums. The oval leaves are up to 6 in (15 cm) long, but given the chance, the plant will also produce larger leaves above the water surface. This tendency makes it ideal for the background of large, open-top tanks. To keep the leaves submerged, regularly remove larger or taller leaves. Provide a deep, iron-rich substrate and plenty of growing room.

Echinodorus horemanii

Common name: Black-red Amazon swordplant

Origin: Brazil

Maximum height: 10 in (25 cm) Growth rate: Medium Area: Background, Midground Light: Bright

Temperature: 68-77°F (20-25°C) Propagation: By shoots from the rhizome Difficulty: 1, 2

Despite its common name, the leaves of this plant remain light green. The common name comes from a color variation that is sometimes available in which the leaf is a dark red-green. E. horemanii is adaptable and hardy and best planted in the background or singly in the midground of larger aquariums. A good nutrient- and iron-rich substrate will ensure continual good health.

Scientific name:

Echinodorus cordifolius

Synonym: E. radicans Common name: Radicans swordplant Origin: North America, Mexico

The leaves of this attractive swordplant are almost circular in shape, making the plant a dominant presence in a well-planted aquarium. Some color forms are available with attractive red-brown mottled leaves. To keep the plant short and tidy, remove large and older leaves and trim the roots occasionally. Provide plenty of iron-based fertilizers. An undemanding and relatively easy-to-keep species.

Maximum height: 16 in (40 cm)

Growth rate: Medium

The unusual leaf shape of this plant makes it a good addition to a larger aquarium.

Area: Background, Midground, Specimen, or unusual Light: Undemanding, but does better in good lighting Temperature: 72-82°F (22-28°C) Propagation: From adventitious shoots Difficulty: 1, 2

Scientific name:

Adventitious Shoots Images

The large veins that transport gas and liquids can be clearly seen on many Echinodorus species.

The unusually ruffled leaves of E. major can grow quite large and are best suited to a spacious aquarium.

Scientific name:

Scientific name:

Echinodorus macrophyllus

Common name: Large-leaved Amazon swordplant Origin: Guyana, Brazil

This Amazon sword produces large leaves for its size, hence its common name. The leaves are typically up to 12 in (30 cm)

long and 8 in (20 cm) wide, light green, and robust in appearance. If given adequate conditions, it will produce a number of larger leaves above the water surface. Because of the substantial size of this Amazon sword, it works best as an individual specimen background plant in spacious aquariums. Ideal conditions for growth include a good iron- and fertilizer-rich substrate and plenty of light. However, the plant is adaptable and should survive well in most aquariums. Removing larger or older leaves and occasionally trimming the roots will prevent the plant from growing too large.

Maximum height: 20 in (50 cm)

Growth rate: Medium, Fast

Area: Background, Specimen, or unusual

Light: Moderate, Bright, Very Bright

Maximum height: 20 in (50 cm)

Growth rate: Medium

Area: Background, Specimen, or unusual

Light: Bright

Propagation: Adventitious plantlets

Difficulty: 1, 2

The unusually ruffled leaves of E. major can grow quite large and are best suited to a spacious aquarium.

The large veins that transport gas and liquids can be clearly seen on many Echinodorus species.

Scientific name:

Echinodorus major

Synonym: E. martii, E. leopoldina

Common name: Ruffled Amazon swordplant

Origin: Brazil

This large Amazon swordplant is similar in appearance to E. amazonicus and E. bleheri, although the leaves will grow much larger and are slightly ruffled around the edges. An ideal plant for use singly in larger aquariums. Provide a fine, iron-rich substrate and allow room for growth.

Although large, the leaves of this echinodorus are formed close together, creating a compact appearance. This impressive species makes an ideal

Red Amazon Sword Echinodorus Osiris

Although large, the leaves of this echinodorus are formed close together, creating a compact appearance. This impressive species makes an ideal

Echinodorus osiris

Synonym: E. osiris rubra, E. aureobrunata Common name: Red Amazon swordplant Origin: Brazil

The clearly visible veins and ruffled leaf edges make this swordplant more interesting than some others. The common name is a little misleading, as only the new, young leaves sport a slightly red-brown colour. E. osiris is relatively easy to care for and ideal as a feature plant in a larger aquarium. It does better in hard water than in soft. Provide plenty of iron, especially if the plant is kept in bright light.

Maximum height: 16-20 in (40-50 cm)

Growth rate: Medium

Area: Background, Midground, Specimen, or unusual

Light: Bright

Propagation: By adventitious plantlets

Difficulty: 2

Aquarium Glocke

Maximum height: 10 in (25 cm), sometimes taller

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Responses

  • emilia
    Can you plant individual leaves of echinodorus?
    4 years ago

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