Rotala Macrandra

Shimmering Shoreline

"Shimmering shoreline"

90 x 45 x 45 cm. glass aquarium.

External filtration of the aquarium through biological filter material, substrate of fine sand, C02 fertilization, about four bubbles per second, and a weekly water change of about 1 /3 the volume.

"Shimmering shoreline"

90 x 45 x 45 cm. glass aquarium.

External filtration of the aquarium through biological filter material, substrate of fine sand, C02 fertilization, about four bubbles per second, and a weekly water change of about 1 /3 the volume.

Bacopa caroliiiiana Eleocharis acicularis Eustercdis stellata I^agarosiphon madagascariensis LimnophUa aquatica Riccia Jluitans

Carolina Bacopa

Hairgrass

Starplant

Madagascar Waterpest

Limnophila

Crystalwort

Madagascar Waterpest
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Crystalwort

Caridinia japonica Colisa lalia var. Hemigrammus erythrozonus Hetnigrammus hyanuary Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Otocinclus sp. Thoracocharax secuiis

Yamatonuma shrimp Neon dwarf gourami Glowlight tetra Costello's tetra Bleedingheart Tetra Dwarf sucker catfish Hatchetfish

Planting plan.

Dwarf Gourami Amano Shrimp

Red plants, but red-brown and other non-green plants as well, are popular decorative elements as focal points for the strong points in the aquarium. It is important here that the red color does not dominate unnaturally, but rather is accented by a green border. The leaf forms should also differ clearly from those of the neighboring plants. There are sufficient red plants to choose from for this purpose, though all of them without exception require a great deal of light.

Rotala Macrandra Round Leaf
Rotala macrandra.

Red plants are an important

The fact that especially the tips of the plants develop the most intensive red colors already shows that the development of the colors is dependent on light. On the one hand the red colors are produced as a protective pigment against intense light; on the other some plants produce the red colors as complementary colors to blue light, so as to make better use of this part of the spectrum. Unfortunately. under blue light the red colors do not look particularly attractive. Moreover, frequently changing the colors of light injures the plants and can even kill them.

Red MacrandraPigments Plants

The reason for this is that besides chlorophyll, the green leaf pigment, additional plant pigments corresponding to the spectrum oflight provided are produced, which can occur unproblematically only in young leaves. Therefore, when the light is changed the old leaves arc dropped and new leaves are formed.

Shimmering Shoreline

The aquarium presented here shows that interesting effects can be achieved with only a few plants on the basis of their different growth forms. Above all with the aid of the mosses, which gradually overgrow the decorative elements. interesting and attractive effects arise, to transform the aquarium into a mysterious landscape.

The decorative objects wood and rock in the aquarium

Rocks are important components of the aquarium furnishing. They influence the character of the underwater landscape that is created. It is up to the hobbyist to decide whether the rocks will be used according to models from Nature or based on the rules of Japanese gardens. The type and composition of the rocks that are used thus have a considerable influence on whether an aquarium ultimately will be attractive or not. Since shipping by sea is not too expensive, rocks as creative materials are available today from virtually anywhere in the world. The petrified wood from America or Malaysia has proved to be particularly beautiful, but expensive. Its light color resembles that of fresh wood and has a very stimulating effect among the green and red plants. Therefore, petrified wood is particularly well suited for aquarium landscapes that are arranged according to the model of Japanese gardens.

For the overall impression of the aquarium, it is not the form of the individual rock that is significant: rather, the effect achieved through the combination of several rocks in a group is what matters. Therefore, individual less attractive rocks absolutely can still be used as an element of a group. Some rocks depending on their form are most charming when upright or standing somewhat diagonally, while others are more attractive when reclining. Particularly striking rocks should then stand upright to catch the eye, or stand diagonally toward the preferred line of sight achieved through the planting.

As with the plants, with the rocks as well what matters is the desired definition of the visual focal point. If the main roqk is placed in the middle of the aquarium, the aquarium is divided into two areas, which if necessary can even represent two different landscapes. This arrangement, however, usually is effective only with large aquaria.

It is also important not to place rocks of approximately the same size or form next to each other, since they would compete for the observer's focal point. Furthermore, rocks of different colors and origin may not be used together, because they will make the aquarium decoration appear too busy.

In principle, each rock should be evaluated individually and incorporated based on its character into the overall concept of the aquarium composition. This requires some experience and the beginner should not be too disappointed when the first attempts do not fully achieve the desired effect. Rocks, wood, substrate, animals, and plants are part of an overall concept, which should be transformed into a beautiful scene. This requires as with other craftwork a good portion of skill and an additional portion of experience.

As with the rocks, each piece of wood also has its unique character. One piece is never exactly the same as another, and it is therefore difficult to give universally valid rules for the use of wood as a decorative object. . . .

Ada 30c Cube Garden

A serenade of the wind

60 x 30 x 36 cm, ADA cube garden, 4 x 20 W (sodium tubes), 10 hours/day, 25°C, pH 6.6, 3°dGH, 0 mg/1 NH/. <0.02 mg/1 NO. <5 mg/1 NO ;, <0.2 mg/1 P04.

Dwarf Hairgrass Eleocharis Acicularis

Echinodorus tenellus

Dwarf Swordplant

Eleocharis acicularis

Hairgrass

Eusteralis stellata

Sarplant

Hemianthus micranthemoid.es

Dainty Pearlweed

Hemianthus micranthemoides var.

Narrowleaf Hemianthus

Marsilea angustifolia

Cloverfern

Micranthemum umbrosum

Roundleaf Pearlweed

Roíala macrandra var.

Tightleaf Rotala

Caridirtia japónica

Yamatonuma shrimp

Inpaichthys kerri

Blue Emperor Tetra

Otocinclus sp.

Dwarf sucker catfish ^^

The care of the plants

Well-nourished stemmed plants, which receive the required nutrients and light which we regard as a given with our aquarium modeled on Nature, develop an enormous longitudinal growth. Accordingly, regular care is necessary. Ideally, this should be done weekly, but no less frequently than biweekly.

Stemmed plants take in the majority of the fertilizer directly from the water through the leaf surfaces. For this reason even short sections of stem with healthy leaves are usually still viable and can be used as cuttings. This is even possible with many species when the actual tip of the shoot is removed or is broken off.

or is broken off.

Naturally, the lower parts of the stalk can remain in the aquarium, even if they have relatively few leaves or the leaves that are still present have already been badly damaged because they were too heavily shaded from above. Depending on the plant species, new shoot tips develop in two to eight days, and after about an additional week the aquarium is even more beautiful than it was before the rigorous pruning. In the aquarium shown here with dimensions of 60 x 36 x 36. only wood was used for the furnishing. Rocks were not used, because such a small aquarium must not be overloaded. The __

devices used came from "Aquarium Design Amano," ab-breviated

ADA. On the left is the long-term pH tester for controlling the C02 supply. On the right is the filter intake opening, the water return, and the COa supply installation. The special long plant shears also come from ADA. With these shears it is possible to ensure a clean cut on the plant stem without nicking —un

Melody in color

Melody in color

Data

60 x 30 x 36 cm, ADA cube garden. 4 x 20 W (sodium tubes), 10 hours/day. 25°C, pH 6.6, 2°dGH, 0 mg/1 NH/, >0.02 mg/1 NO^ <2 mg/1 NOa , <0.2 mg/1 P04 .

Echinodorus Species

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Echinodorus tend I us

- Dwarf Swordplant Eusteralis stellata

- Starplant Fontinalis antipyretica

- Water Moss Hemianthus m ¡era n t hemoides

- Dainty Pearlweed Ludwigia arcuata

- Narrowlcaf Ludwigia Ludwigia peruensis

- Peruvian Ludwigia Micranthemum umbrosum

- Roundleaf Pearlweed Riccia Jluitans

- Crystalwort Rotala indica

- Indian Rotala Rotala macrandra var.

- Thickleaf Rotala

External filtration of the aquarium through biological filter material, substrate of fine sand, C02 fertilization, about three bubbles per second, and a weekly water change of about 1/3 the volume.

Caridinia japonica

- Yamatonuma shrimp Mcgalamphodus sweglesi

- Sweglcs's Phantom Tctra

Otocinctus sp.

- Dwarf sucker catfish

Lagarosiphon Madagascariensis

Eusteralis stellata.

Lagarosiphon madagascariensis.

Micranthemum umbrosum.

fíotala indica.

Aquarium Plants Rotala Indica

Lagarosiphon madagascariensis.

Micranthemum umbrosum.

fíotala indica.

ISBN Q-?R36-0SLfl-X

Lake Malawi Plants
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