Carbohydrates Ebooks Catalog
Aquarium Care The care of virtually all of the photosynthetic gorgonians is the same. Therefore we chose to summarize their care here, and only make additional comments about specific types when necessary. These flexible soft corals all like strong currents. Water motion is critical for assisting with the shedding of the wax)7 film that most species develop as a protection against fouling algae. The motion also stimulates the polyps to expand. Really well extended polyps can be achieved with surge devices or light turbulent water flow. Good illumination is important as well. They adapt easily to average lighting as from standard output fluorescents, and they may take time to adapt to really bright light as from metal ha 1 ides, extending polyps on the lower regions only at first. The brighter light does increase their growth, however. Some species do not seem to capture zooplankton, but most will eat small food particles, such as brine shrimp nauplii or water fleas. Others will eat...
By filtering the water, the Coelenterates trap small suspended particles, particularly the crustacean zooplankton. Collecting, keeping, and distributing plankton is not a task to be taken lightly, and it is best to look for other solutions. However, it must be made clear that commercial foods on the market provide little more than a stopgap. It is possible to use rotifers or freshly hatched brine shrimp nauplii, normally used as the main food for fish, but not everybody breeds these animals. There is another food which is available to all hobbyists, as it is inexpensive, easy to make, and can be frozen it is usually called mussel choppy. Mussels are not only cheap but also rich in proteins, carbohydrates, mineral salts, and vitamins. Other possi-
Skimming and a good foam fractionator, this design avoids the need to bother with cleaning and replacing mechanical filter media. In fact, in a reef aquarium it is not necessary to use any mechanical filter media at all. Mechanical filters trap amino acids and carbohydrates in addition to particulate matter, and all of these things are decaying there with the entire volume of the tank flowing over them. The advantages to avoiding mechanical trapping media are that more particulate matter is available for filter feeders, and more surface active material remains in the water, which enhances the performance of the protein skimmer. The particulate material left in the water also supplies a source of organic food for the heterotrophic denitrifying bacteria living in the substrates (rock, sand, gravel). However, without good circulation and the inclusion of bottom stirring creatures, the particulate
The inside surface of the plumbing will become coated by carbohydrates and detritus, or living plants and animals. Sponges and calcareous tube worms commonly coat the insides of pipes and restrict water flow, and clear tubes that receive any light will soon have growths of cyanobacteria or other algae clogging them like plaque in human arteries. In small diameter dark spaces with high water velocity, yellowish carbohydrates form thick gelatinous refractory deposits. A set of foxtail brushes can be used periodically to clear the deposits, but some lengths of PVC pipe may remain inaccessible, and that is ok. Flexible hose that can be removed should be cleaned at least once per year, and flexible hose exposed to the light should be cleaned about every three months or more frequently to clear the algae growth and assure continued good circulation. If coralline algae grow in the hose, then the growth of most other algae will be slowed considerably, and it will not need cleaning so...
The list of these things is quite lengthy, and includes such goodies as amino acids, proteins, phenols, creosols, terpenoids, fats, carbohydrates, hydrocarbons, plant hormones, vitamins, carotenoids and various organic acids such as fatty, acetic, lactic, glycolic, malic and citric (deGraaf, 1968 Moe, 1989). Fortunately for us, we generally lump all these things together under the all-encompassing term, dissolved organic carbon (DOC). These organic substances can have various deleterious effects on the aquarium inhabitants including reduced growth, reduced disease resistance, and metabolic stress. When the compounds contain nitrogen, they are mineralized by bacteria present in the tank, into ammonia. The ammonia is utilized by plants, leading to excessive growth, or oxidized by nitrifying bacteria to the final product, nitrate, which tends to accumulate in die aquarium. Unfortunately, many DOCs are not mineralized and tend to buildup in the aquarium. That is why...
Like all living animals, fish have dietary requirements for the basic building blocks of life protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. In their natural environment, fish forage to meet their dietary needs. In the home aquarium, they rely entirely on you to bring home the bacon. Unfortunately, the exact nutritional requirements of tropical marine fish are very poorly understood. These requirements can differ by species, age, water temperature, and many other factors. The best that any aquarist, including the professionals, can do is to feed the fish a variety of foods to approximate these requirements.
Churning action of the waves, combining air, the water, and certain polar organic compounds dissolved in it to form a stable foam. The wind blows the foam to shore, and thus helps to purify the water. Protein skimming, or foam fractionation as it is sometimes called, works in a similar manner, mixing fine air bubbles with water. By collecting the foam that forms, proteins and other organic compounds are removed from the aquarium water. This is very beneficial to the health of marine invertebrates and fish. Of the various chemical filtration methods available, only protein skimming physically removes most organics from the aquarium before they begin to break down (Moe, 1989). This reduces the load on the biological filter and raises the redox potential of the water. Protein skimmers primarily extract dissolved substances from solution, though electrostatic attraction to the bubble surfaces and physical trapping by the thick foam do also draw some particulate matter, bacteria, and...
If you add the optional Elysia, you must have a continuously replenished supply of seaweeds to satisfy its appetite. Elysia is a remarkable sea slug. It does not consume the entire seaweed but rather sucks out the contents of individual cells in the seaweed's upright blades. In this way, it not only obtains food directly, but also co-opts the green chloroplasts. These somehow are retained in the animal's body, where they remain viable and continue to photosynthesize, providing the slug with carbohydrates even when it is not feeding. The chloroplasts tint the animal green. If the slug is not getting enough to eat, it digests its stored chloroplasts, and the green fades to pale tan. E. crispata will accept several seaweeds as food, including Caulerpa, Halimeda, and Sargassum. E. ornata feeds exclusively on Bryopsis.
Protein skimming removes some amino acids from the water along with the various carbohydrates and lipids that make up the majority of the fraction removed. By removing amino acids from the water the skimmer eliminates a significant quantity of nitrogen that would be mineralized by nitrifying bacteria and converted to
They may also eat slow-swimming, small fishes. The small invertebrates are rich in fats and proteins (about 50 50) and almost devoid of carbohydrates and fiber. In the wild, angelfish feed casually and lighlly all day long. What should we feed them in captivity, and how often should they be fed
As you would guess, this category of food includes processed flakes and dried food for aquarium fish. Commercially prepared foods make every effort to approximate the three basic dietary requirements proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. They are also supplemented with vitamins and minerals. These foods come in many varieties, depending on the type of fish (carnivore, herbivore, omnivore) you are feeding, and new formulations are added every year to better meet the dietary needs of your fish.
It is essential to provide vegetable matter for herbivorous fishes. Algae in your aquarium are great for grazing fish. You can also feed a variety of vegetables fresh, blanched, or thawed, including lettuce, spinach, cabbage, parsley, kale, and watercress. Some experts recommend blanching the vegetables to aid digestion. In general, vegetables are composed mostly of water and are low in energy, proteins, and fats, but contain high concentrations of carbohydrates, fiber, and certain vitamins. You should not feed your fish exclusively vegetables. It's always a good idea to rinse any vegetables thoroughly before feeding them to your fish, to wash off any pesticide residue. mussels, scallops, oysters, crabs, and squid. Meaty foods tend to contain less water and carbohydrates and substantially more protein and fats than vegetable matter. This is a must for carnivorous fish.
This mollusk, prized by humans, is equally appreciated by fish, especially those marine species that refuse artificial food. Widely available, inexpensive, easy to freeze, mussels are a top-class dish they are rich in proteins and carbohydrates, with few lipids. Furthermore, they contain many minerals (such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron) and even vitamin C, which plays an important role in the fight against disease. Mussels must be well cooked before using and their shells and connective filaments removed. Cut them into pieces before distributing or freezing them.
Food must provide fish with the elements needed to build their body (proteins) and the energy (from proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids) required for its smooth functioning Feeding a fish properly ensures that it will grow satisfactorily as well as facilitating its reproduction and helping it to combat disease. Quality and quantity are two important concepts in feeding an aquarist must learn to avoid over-feeding and to diversify the food supply.
The Ketosis Plan Diet
Top Low Carb Internet Guru Speaks Out. An Open Letter To Anyone Who Wants To Lose Up To 20 Pounds In 30 Days The 'Low Carb' Way. 30-Day Low Carb Diet 'Ketosis Plan' has already helped scores of people lose their excess pounds and inches faster and easier than they ever thought possible. Why not find out what 30-Day Low Carb Diet 'Ketosis Plan' can do for you by trying it out for yourself.