Cichlid Care Guidelines

Cichlid Fish Secrets

There is an amazing, brand new ebook called Cichlid Fish Secrets. It covers everything you could possibly need to know about keeping healthy, happy cichlids, and breeding them as well. Here is just a preview of what you'll learn in this book: What size tank you should have when keeping cichlids. What filter you should use in your tank. How to properly cycle your aquarium. How to properly manage pH levels. The water temperature you need to maintain. The correct way to perform a water change. How to clean the glass of your fish tank. How to be an expert water tester. The Best rocks and wood you Need to be using. The right ways to prepare your rocks & wood for your tank. The only way to have live plants in an African Cichlid tank. How to choose the right cichlids. What to feed your cichlids & how often to feed them. The expert ways to breed your cichlids. How to diagnose, treat, and cure the most dangerous fish diseases.

Cichlid Fish Secrets Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Ebook
Author: Mike Logan
Price: $27.77

Cichlid Fish Secrets Review

Highly Recommended

The author presents a well detailed summery of the major headings. As a professional in this field, I must say that the points shared in this book are precise.

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Agassizs Dwarf Cichlid

Family Cichlidae Distribution Amazon basin. Description Shape typical South American dwarf cichlid elongated body, compressed sides. Very ir,nq dorsal fin. Color back brownish yellow to greenish blue orange sides, shading to greenish blue at the rear Giii covers have brilliant blue lines and vermiculatii-is Numerous sparkling greenish-blue spots on back .,nd sides A brownish-black line extends from the mout to the base of the caudal fin, without touching the eye A similar line extends from the mouth steeply downwanj -0 the lower edge of the gill cover. The caudal fin is hea i-shaped with color graduations similar to those of a gas flame grayish green on the outside, then smoky ci y. then a luminous ivory-colored or blue-green zone wuh a luminous orange-red center Size 3 in (7.5-8crrj. males often larger. Sexual differences males larger, w h pointed, elongated dorsal, caudal and anal fins. Environment Similar to A. ramirezi. but less particular. Temperature 66-77 F (19-20 C). pH sligh...

Cichlidae Lake Malawi species

There are reckoned to be more than 200 species living in this lake, almost all endemic. The habitat consists of rocky zones with hiding places and shelters, surrounded by clear, shallow, and well-lit water. The Cichlids feed on the algae encrusting the rocks - practically the only vegetation present. These fish require a fairly large tank (200-300 liters minimum for small species, 400-500 liters for the largest) fitted with a powerful filtration system. Rocks will form the main decor, but ensure the arrangement is stable, otherwise the more boisterous specimens will dislodge it. The water must be distinctly alkaline, with a minimum pH of 7.5 - even 8 and over - and fairly hard 5.6-8.4 GH (100-150 ppm). Cichlids are very fond of live or fresh prey, but they will accept granulated artificial foods. Most species are mouthbrooders. Until the last few years, a certain number of species were grouped within the genus Haplochromis. Scientists have now redistributed these across a variety of...


Cichlids aren't popular only with aquarists. They're a favorite of ichthyologists (Fish scientists) who study their distribution, relationships, and even their behavior (ethology). Cichlids are modern fishes in evolutionary history, members of the Perciformes (perch-like advanced fishes), and among the most varied of all fishes. Cichlids occur throughout Central and South America and Africa, extend onto Madagascar, and reach even to the subcontinent of India. The freshwater cichlids (family Cichlidae) resemble the marine damselfishes (family Poma-centridae). Cichlids have one pair of nostrils (there are two in damselfishes), unbranched hard spines, and branched soft rays in the dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins (you'd be surprised how many kinds of fishes have rays only), a particular number of rays in the tail fin (only an ichthyologist could care ), and a prominent lateral line often split into front and rear segments. Early cichlids appear in the fossil record, so we know what they...

The First Cichlids

Cichlids first appeared 130 million years ago on Gondwana. Over time, Gondwana split into two, three, four, and more continents, a process that continues today. These fossil cichlids had spines in the fins, a single nostril, and other characteristics passed down to modern cichlids. The early cichlids gave rise to the cichlids thai survive today on the Indian subcontinent. Does that mean Asia also has cichlids No. Long ago India and Madagascar were a single land mass. This mass split apart. The smaller piece drifted westward on a tectonic plate until it stalled off the east coast of Africa (the current island of Madagascar). The larger remainder was carried on another tectonic plate northward until it crashed into Asia and then kept on going. Today's India, Pakistan, and surrounding states of the Indian subcontinent are still pushing into Asia, forcing the growth of ever higher mountains where they collide (the Himalayas). That's why the cichlids of Madagascar are more closely related...

Cichlids in Africa

We know the first cichlids appeared some 130 million years ago. Halfway through the history of cichlids, about 65 million years ago, as Gondwana was breaking up, a more advanced cichlid appeared resembling Heterochromis and Hemichromis of Africa. While this Heterochromis-1ike fish was spreading over this large land mass, a giant crack was developing in the tectonic plate below, splitting it in two. As magma rose up, it pushed the plates apart and the land mass began breaking up, one side drifting eastward and the other westward. Between them, the Antarctic Ocean poured into the breach and the South Atlantic Ocean was born, separating the newly born continents of Africa and America. The primitive Heterochromis-like cichlid was now broken into two populations that would forever be separated. As those land masses grew farther apart, other changes occurred. The ocean enlarged, and that early cichlid gave rise to new types.

Ramirezdwarf Cichlid


Distribution Venezuela and Bolivia Description Shape typical dwarf cichlid Characn istic deep, flat body and great compression. The dorsal fin is high, the first three spines black and the second, in males, elongated. Color, base color in fine specimens pale purplish red A vertical bar through the eye a black spot under the spiny part of the dorsal fin, surrounded by spots of blue (or some other metallic color). Si ' 23 in (7 cm). Sexual differences male more brightly colored, with elongated second ray on dorsal fin. Environment Temperature 73-77 F (23 25 'C 81-82 F (27-28 C) for breeding. pH slightly acid filter through peat. Water hardness soft water. Illun nation, substrate, furnishings ample vegetation (thre fourths of tank area), medium lighting, numerous hiding places. Feeding Preferably not too coarse or large live food Biology Behavior territorial and living in pai Reproduction, not very easy. Breeds in cavities. A goi d spawning produces 150-200 eggs, which...


Cichlids have acquired a none-too-flattering reputation for trouble - persistently quarreling with other (and their own) species and wrecking the decor. But this is not always the case. There are more than 1,500 species (related to the European perch), which throng the freshwater areas of America, Africa, and, to a lesser extent, Asia. Often quite large and powerful-looking, these toothed carnivores are voracious feeders. Their anatomical characteristic is the single, elongate dorsal fin. Some species possess a distinct personality and are decidedly temperamental basically lively and boisterous, they can become quite belligerent, at least under certain circumstances, such as during spawning or in defense of territory. The breeding habits of Cichlids vary. One particularly interesting technique is mouthbrooding the female shelters the eggs and fry in her buccal cavity, affording them a greater chance of survival. Cichlids fact and fiction Cichlids are always big. Small Cichlids, and...

The Biological Record

So we can trace the origin of historic cichlids. But what of modern cichlids How do we know when and how fast they evolved, and which ones are most closely or most distantly related The modern tools of DNA analysis and computerized estimates of relationships have changed the field of classification (taxonomy).

Surface Swimmers For The Planted Aquarium

Most Interesting Fish Tank

Dwarf cichlids display similar behavior in the aquarium, although many lay their eggs in natural caves as well as on plant leaves. These fish are ideal additions to planted aquariums with some open areas around the substrate, and display many more behavioral and personality traits than other fish.

Large fish and planteaters

Aquarium Plants For Cichlids Pictures

There are many fish that cannot normally be kept with plants. Some of the larger characins are herbivorous and quickly consume plants aggressive cichlids also destroy plants, although this is a consequence of their territorial behavior, and not because they are searching for food and large barbs, such Below Very few cichlids are suitable for a planted aquarium, but this cockatoo dwarf cichiid (Apistogramma cacatuoides) will not grow large and will use plants to establish small territories and may even breed. Java fern (Microsorium pteropus) is a robust plant with a bad-tasting toxin in its leaves that normally prevents fish from eating it, although most fish will make a few attempts first. Despite the taste, some large cichlids will tear chunks off Java fern, but herbivorous fish can normally be kept safely with Java fern. Below Very few cichlids are suitable for a planted aquarium, but this cockatoo dwarf cichiid (Apistogramma cacatuoides) will not grow large and will use plants to...

Total Evidence Analysis

What do geology, the fossil record, DNA analyses, osteological analyses, and total evidence analysis tell us about the history and relationships of cichlids How do we know it's accurate We keep testing alternative ideas and getting the same answers over and over. And why are we so smart Maybe it's just that in the entire history of mankind, 95 percent of all the scientists who have ever lived are alive and conducting research today.

Cichiids in South and Central America

Here, the Heterochromis-Wke ancestral cichlid would exploit the new continent through a Rctroculus-Wke descendant. That basal Retroculus type persists today, but would give rise to successive lines leading to Cichla, Astronotus (oscar), Geophagus (eartheaters), Crenicichla (pike cichiids),

Larger midwater swimmers

Many anabantoid species can become quite large, including the popular gouramis, which can reach 4-6 in (10-15 cm), although they appear larger because of their rounded shape. Some larger fish, mainly some cichlids, will use flat surfaces on which to lay eggs. They then spend considerable time

Additional Information

Miyagi Map

For a comprehensive view of the American cichlids and their distributions and habitats, see Staeck and Linke's two-volume series on American cichlids, available at your local pet shop. For up-to-date technical information and new publications, Sven Kullander's web site at the Swedish National Museum shtml is an essential starting point for understanding the evolutionary path that led to modern cichlids from their distant ancestors.

Different Types Of Aquarium

Central America Biotop Aquarium

An aquarium is not just a motley collection of plants and fish. Some aquarists aim to reconstruct the biotope of a specific geographical region (Central America, the Amazon, Asia, Africa), while others concentrate on a single group offish (for example, livebearers, Cichlids, or marine fish). Whatever the option, an aquarium must be attractive and well-balanced for its occupants to thrive, and this entails some understanding of the various


Aequidens pulcher Family Cichlidae Environment Temperature 72-79 F (22-26 C), frequently replace about one-third of the water with fresh water pH and water hardness no special requ ments Illumination, substrate, furnishings good lighting deep bottom matter with thickly planted vegetat on in places, stones and roots as hiding places, also plenty of free swimming space Feeding Many types of live food. Biology Behavior A very peaceful cichlid wl

Getting Started

Angelfish do not breed at the drop of a hat with the first other angel to come along. They select their males, a ritualized courtship establishing a relationship that includes protecting a territory. South American (as opposed to African) cichlids in general grow up before they consider sex with one another.


TH EISK DOCTORS Three locations (1) 2703 Washtenaw Ave.,Ypsilanti, MI 48197, (734) 4341030 Fax 734) 434-3977 (2) 8689 N. Lilley Rd., Canton, MI 48187, (734) 416-0876, (3) 2019 W. Road. Trenton, MI 48183. (734) 6756100 Fax (734) 461-0885. The area's premiere aquatic specialists. Daily shipment from around the world. Saltwater fish, corals, inverts, live rock, freshwater fish including oddballs, cichlids, large fish, live plants, hi-tech equipment in stock wet drys, protein skimmers, eco-systems, kalk reactors, ozonizers, UV sterilizers. Deluxe lighting distributors for Hamilton and JBJ. Professional design, installation, consulting and maintenance. PET CONNECTION Large selection of common and unusual marine fish. Hi-tech reef supplies. Sunlight Supply, Ushio, URI , HQI, power compact & T5 lighting. Aqua-C protein skimmers, ecosystem filtration, top brand UV sterilizers, elect. testing equip. and more. All in stock Quality inverts, captive grown Xenia, Acropora, etc....


Dardennii, Limnotilapia, Latticed Cichlid, 767, 810 Dimidiatus Dwarf Cichlid, Nanochromts dimidiatus, 865 dimidiatus, S'anochromis, Dimidiatus Dwarf Cichlid, 865 Ihonda cpiscopa, Roundnosc Minnow, 39 Diplataxodon argcntcus, Silver Malawi-bigeye, 757 Ihploiaxodon icclcsi, Eccles's Malawi-bigeye, 757 Diquis, Cichlatoma diquis, 499 diquis, Cichlasoma, Diquis, 499 Cichlid, Cynotilapia a ra, 720 Muhopurusp Ancistrus, Big-fin Bristlenosc. 370 o ph n Cichlid, H vxi. cm dortigerut, iMciacara Red-breuiucd Plag Cichlid, SI7 a no Killie, Aphyosemion primifjenium, 663 Dourada Zebra, Brachyplatystoma juru*ns* 534, 335 dovii, Cichlasoma, Dow's Cichlid, 489, 499 Down-poker, Campylomormyrus rhyndwphorus, 5HH Dow' Cichlid, Cichlasoma dovii, 489, 409 Dragonfin lctra, PuudiKorympoma doriac, 260, 270 Drombus globiccps, Slender-fin Goby, 1087 Drombus sp., Drombus, 1087 Drombus, Drombus sp., 1087 Drysdale Gruntcr, Syncomisus rastcllus, 1003 duboish Aplocheilus, Dubois's Killie, 682, 680 duboisi, Utraodon,...


Angels are the most well-known and popular of all the Cichlids. Their original habitats are the soft, acidic watercourses of the Amazon basin they need an aquarium with a great deal of space, including depth, where they can swim without restriction. Plants, however, are also essential to form refuges. Angels are peaceful species - except during spawning - and you can keep them with Characins and Corydoras species in a regional South American tank. You should not, on the other hand, introduce smaller species, which the angels are likely to regard as prey. Angels will accept manufactured foods, but they delight in small, live prey, which is the best option. CICHLIDAE AMERICAN SPECIES

Jack Dempsey

Distribution Central Amazon basin, Rio Negro. Description Shape typical cichlid shape, perchlike with relatively straight belly profile, large dorsal and ana fins. Color basic color gray-brown to brilliant red brown, clearest on the back. Seven or eight clearlv marked vertical bars, disappearing completely in old age A black lateral stripe begins on the gill cover, ending in black patch edged with yellow in the middle of the body Size up to 7 in (18 cm) sexually mature at 3-4 in (8-10cm). Sexual differences female paler, the male a brilliant deep blue at spawning time. Female's dorsal fin is rounded at the tip, male's extended into a point Environment Temperature 72-75 F (22-24 C) for normal upkeep 77-82 F (25-28 C) for breeding pH and water hardness medium values. Illumination substrate, furnishings medium lighting. Large, un-planted tank coarse sand or fine gravel with stones and coconut shells, etc., on the bottom. Feeding Plenty of coarse live food, little dried...


Branchiura, or fish lice (Argultis, Dolops), occur on wild South American cichlids. They can be removed with the tip of a blade slipped beneath the flat parasite. Follow up with a water change to eliminate larvae. Isopods (Artystone trysibia) have been found in the body cavity of South American discus and other cichlids, and can probably infect angelfishes. They only occur one to a fish, and cannot cause epidemics, but even a single one of these enormous parasites can eventually cause death. You can recognize them by appendages waving out of a hole on the body of the fish.