Family Caulophrynidae 234fanfins Marine Atlantic Indian and Pacific

No distal bulb with light organ on illicium; mature males feed in parasitic fashion on females; pelvic fins in larvae (only ceratioid with pelvics at some stage); two pectoral radials (all other ceratioids have 3-5); dorsal fin with six (in Robia) or 14-22 normal rays, and anal fin with 5 (in Robia) or 12-19 rays (other ceratioids have 13 or fewer anal fin rays); extremely elongate dorsal and anal rays; eight caudal fin rays.

Two genera, Robia, monotypic, and Caulophryne (4), with five species (e.g., Balushkin and Fedorov, 1986).

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