Body oval-shaped and compressed; lateral line arched high in front; dorsal and anal fins long (dorsal with 48-56 rays and anal with 33-42 rays); pelvic fin rays 12-17; minute cycloid scales; vertebrae 43-46. Its food consists primarily of squids, octopuses, and crustaceans. Maximum length up to 1.8 m.
The orthography of the family has been changed from Lamprididae to Lampridae, and some comment is required. There is a desire to have stability in the orthography of family names, while following provisions of the code of the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature as given in the fourth edition of the "International Code of Zoological Nomenclature" (published in 1999). There is currently much disagreement in some families as to whether the suffix should be "ididae" or "idae." For the present case, Lampridiformes and Lamprididae have been the forms used in most recent literature by specialists and were used in Nelson (1994) in the belief, based on the careful work of C. Patterson in Olney et al. (1993), that this form was grammatically correct. However, the latter seems not to be correct, and Eschmeyer (1998, Online) employed the forms Lampriformes and Lampridae, as also used in Nelson (1984). Although this is open to further study, I now revert back to this form. Instability in name orthography is disturbing to all users, and through the cooperative efforts of many, it is hoped that agreement will eventually be reached on such spellings (see also discussion of this subject in the Preface).
Two species, Lampris guttatus (worldwide) and L. immaculata (cold and temperate waters of Southern Hemisphere) (Parin and Kukuyev, 1983; Collette, 2003a).
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