Leaf Fish

Monocirrhus polyacanthus Family Nandidae. Distribution Amazon basin, Rio Negro and westerr Guyana. Description Shape egg-shaped, thickset, very point ed head, mouth forming an extensible tube. The lower lip has a strong barbel. Color very strong marbled coloring which varies in relation to mood streaked, and yellow or brown can resemble a dead leaf. Three thin dark lines extend from the eye suggesting the veins of a leaf. Size up to 3Jin (Bern). Sexual differences unknown. Environment...

Bumblebeegoby

Brachygobius xanthozona Family Gotmdae. Distribution Rivers and estuaries in Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Description Shape thickset, torpedo-shaped rounded in cross section at the front, slightly compje .(j toward the tail. Color distinguished by three vertical dark-brown bars Size up to 1 in (4.5cm). Se, a differences mature females are bulkier. Environment Temperature 75-86 F (24-30 C) pH high acid and normal fresh water lead to lines Water hardness the addition of 1 to 2 spoonfuls of s -3 salt...

Gourami

Family Osphronemidae Distribution The greater Sunda Islands Description Shape oval, strongly compressed sides Head very small thick, protruding lower jaw Pelvic fins have threadlike elongations. Young fish slimmer with more pointed head. Color adult specimens brownish, with dark back and lighter belly Size 1 ft 1 J in (60cm), often up to 3ft 3Jin (1m) and 22lb (10kg). Sexual differences females have rounded anal and dorsal fins. Environment In quiet waters, preferably clean with plenly of...

Tiger Barb

Distribution Central Sumatra. Description Shape, typical barb shape but somewhat longer. Color silvery-golden body. The wide vertical black bands recall the related Barbus tetrazona (see No 51). Size 2J in (5.5 cm). Sexual differences the female is much fuller in the belly and paler in color. The male is slimmer its splendid coloring makes it one of the mosi beautiful barbs. Temperature 68-77 F (20-25 C) for breeding 81 -86 F (27-30 C). pH 6.5-7. Illumination substrate,...

Agassizs Dwarf Cichlid

Family Cichlidae Distribution Amazon basin. Description Shape typical South American dwarf cichlid elongated body, compressed sides. Very ir,nq dorsal fin. Color back brownish yellow to greenish blue orange sides, shading to greenish blue at the rear Giii covers have brilliant blue lines and vermiculatii-is Numerous sparkling greenish-blue spots on back .,nd sides A brownish-black line extends from the mout to the base of the caudal fin, without touching the eye A similar line extends from the...

Fighting Fish

Distribution Malayan peninsula and Thailand. Description Shape slender-bodied with coi pressed sides. Long, broad anal fin, dorsal fin long ai d high. Rounded caudal fin. Pelvic fins narrow, pointed and elongated. Color many beautiful color variations. Size up to 2J in 6 cm . Sexual differences female much plainerthan the male. Environment Temperature 77-86 F 25-30 C , the higher temperature only for breeding. pH and water hardness not significant it is best to use not-too-herd water....

Marbled HatchetftSH

Family Gasleropelecidae Distribution Amazon basin, he Guyanas. Description Shape unmistakabfe shape strain horizontal back. From under the slightly high-set mou'h the keel runs in a semicircular curve. From the anal n the underside continues almost in a straight line up to i e caudal peduncle. Most notable are the very long, winglike pectoral tins. Color basic color yellowish ,r greenish, often pale purple with a marked silvery sheen n places. Size up to 1 jin 4.5cm . Sexual...

Onestriped African Characin

Nannaethiops unitaematus Family Citharinidae. Distribution The whole of tropical Africa from the White Nile to the west coast Description Shape medium-long body. Small mouth. Large adipose fin. Complete lateral line. Color brown to brownish-olive back belly and throat yellowish or whitish with a silver sheen. A dark narrow band extends from the mouth over the eye to the end of the caudal fin. This is topped by an iridescent metallic band, colored a brilliant copper to gold Size up to in 6.5 cm...

Potamogeton Densus

The term is derived from two Greek words meaning living near the river. Distribution Europe, Asia, North Africa. Description Perennial submerged plant with creep ing rhizome cylindrical stem oval, lanceolate or near hnear light green leaves, joined to the stem by a dilated base Propagation By cuttings. The tips are cut and embedded in the soil- Environment Temperature 50-59 F 10-15 Cl, but able to survive at lower temperatures it has been a popular plant for cold...

Striped Anostomus

Distribution Amazon and Orinoco river sysu- 3. rivers of the Guyanas. Description Shape a long, slightly flat-sider.i ,3t, with a high-set mouth Color mature fish have three horizontal stripes brown to brownish black , wiih . lr lt green sheen. Site up to 7 in 18cm . Sexual ences minimal Environment Temperature 75-80 F 24-27 C pH and water hardness medium soft, neutral to slit, tly acid water. Illumination, substrate, furnishings a large tank with large, sparsely planted vegetation and I qg...

Redtailed Black Shark

Distribution Thailand, mainly in streams. Description Shape elongated body, laterally compressed somewhat deeper body than L. erythrurus. Color sharply divided into two colors body black with caudal fin in strongly contrasting orange to blood red Size up to 4jin 12cm . Sexual differences female is significantly bulkier. Environment Turbid streams. Temperature F 23-27 C . pH 5.5-7 light peat content. Water hardness soft water. Illumination and furnishings large tank, with moderate lighting and...

Tiger Fish

Cambodia Tiger Fish

Cambodia, Sumatra. Borneo. Description Shape thickset, compressed and high-backed. Long, spiny and soft-rayed joined dorsal fins Short anal fin and caudal peduncle caudal fin rounded Straight underside and back. Color a number of black vertical bars usually six of varying distinctness. S ze. in the wild up to 1 ft 3j in 40 cm in aquaria up to 111 in 30 cm . Sexual differences unknown. Environment Chiefly brackish water, but also in clean fresh water, where they...

Blue Panchax

Distribution India, Indochina, Sri Lanka, Mair,ySj and Indonesia several geographical forms Description Shape flattened head and back, dorsal fin placed well along the back, smoothly roui.rJ9cj ventrally Anal fin long-based and large very long ge pectoral fins pelvic fins small and somewhat elonc The caudal fin is shaped like a spade Color gene , y a grayish yellow, with the back darker. Each scale I. a bluish center with a dark border around the edge. Size up to 3 in 8cm . Sexual differences,...

Dwarf Suckermouth Catfish

Distribution Southeast Brazil Description Shape slender catfish with sucking mouth. Narrow-based but fairly high dorsal fin, no adipose fin. Twenty-three or twenty-four bony plates arranged in a row along each side of the body Color. ground color a light greenish gray to muddy yellow, darker back whitssh or light yellow underside. Fins are colorless or slightly green. Size up to in 4cm Sexual differences mature females much bulkier-Environment Inhabit running water....

Sumatra Barb

Sumatra Barb

Distribution Sumatra, Borneo, Thailand, Cambodia. Description Shape deep-bodied banded bari Blunt snout. Color brownish to olive on top sides ha.'e a pale reddish sheen, edges of scales a rich gleaming gold. Four black vertical bars, the first passing through the eye Size up to 2 in 7cm . Largest of the banded barbs. Sexual differences female recognizable only by its larger belly. Environment Temperature 68-77 F 20-25 C . pH and water hardness old water with occasional replacement of part by...

Blackbanded Sunfish

Distribution U.S.A., New Jersev to Maryland. Description Shape thickset, short and deep body, flat-sided. Color grayish yellow to greenish yellow with numerous but partly indistinct black vertical bars, often with irregular dark speckles in between. The first two spines of the dorsal fin are black the following two bright orange-red or red- The first two rays of the pelvic fins are orange the next two, black. Size up to 4 in 10cm sexually mature at 2in 5cm . Sexual differ ences scarcely...

Longfinned Characin

Distribution Tropical West Africa, from Sierra L lt one to Zaire Description Shape elongated body, very orn pressed sides, dorsal fin approximately in the midd- 0f the body, adipose fin present, very large eyes Color back olive green to yellow, sides muddy yellow w n a beautiful silver sheen. Underside silvery white Size up to 64 in 16cm . Sexual differences male high-bar with dorsal-fin rays extending as far as the cauda im The female has a crooked line along the back and a similar one along...

Coolie Loach

Distribution From the southern part of the Malayan peninsula to Sumatra, Java and Borneo Description Shape eel-shaped, elongated, slia-,t v compressed sides, very small fins. The dorsal fin smarts behind the middle of the body, the anal fin well be-'nd this Eyes covered with transparent skin. a movable spine beneath them, four pairs of barbels, no lateral ne Color fifteen to twenty dark brown to black vertical i 1rs the gaps between them salmon pink to yellov sh Underside light. Size 3in 8cm ....

Serpatetra

Hyphessobrycon serpae Family Characidae. Distribution Amazon basin and Rio Guapore. Description Shape elongated. Color very variable Back dark olive, sides gray-green belly yellowish with an iridescent sheen. When the fish is excited or in a sta fc of well-being, the whole of the rear part of the body i, blood red. Clearly marked dark patch on the shoulder. Ar indistinct lateral stripe, broadening toward the tail. Size up to 1 i in 4.5cm . Sexual differences males mostly a brighter red....

Redfin Shark

Distribution Thailand the Mekong River at Komarat Description Shape an elongated carp, torpedo-shaped, with an almost straight belly line and slightly arched back. Slimmer than many species of the same genus, with well-developed organs for sucking and chewing and grinding up vegetation in the low-set mouth Two pairs of barbels. Color back ranging from light brown to blue-black, lighter toward the underside, and spotted. A dark spot or vertical bar on the caudal peduncle. All the fins are red....

Banana Plant

Nymphoides means water tj y like, referring to the resemblance between these vv0 plants. Distribution Atlantic coast of North America, particularly Florida. Description Adult leaves varying from rounded iq kidney-shaped, 3-4 in 8-1 Ocm in diameter ub_ merged leaves, light green with dark red netlike patter ns aerial leaves more intensely green, dark red on the r gt . , ,Se and heavily spotted. This plant is called the banana plant because the top part of the root is swollen...

Banded Leporinus

Banded Leporinus Fish

Distribution South America. Description Shape elongated, torpedo-shaped body, flattened very slightly along the sides. The head is conical with a small snout. A few, powerful teeth. Color ten vertical bars on a yellow background, darker on adults.Size upto12in 30cm . Environment Native habitat isslow-flowing, gravelly brooks. Temperature 72-77 'F 22-25 C . pH and water hardness not important. Substrate and furnishings as the fish are plant-eaters, do not plant feathery...

Glass Tetra

Gymnochanda

Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae Family Characidae. Distribution Rio Paraguay and Rio Paranaiba. Description Shape deep-bodied, elongated and very compressed. No adipose fin, and an incomplete lateral line. Color, sides of the body bright silver, darker toward the back, slightly yellow toward the belly. A broad black vertical band onthetail preceded by a yellow field with a metallic sheen. Eyes bright and luminous, with the upper part of the iris red. Smoky, mud-colored fins, with white tips to the...

Gymnochanda Filamentosa

Distribution Malayan peninsula. Description Shape similar to the ordinary glass perch cf. Chanda ranga . Moderately long, very compressed in profile. Large eyes one-third of head length . No scales. Color transparent. Male, when good color, honey yellow to delicate yellowish brown Body cavity covered with a silvery membrane. Six to ter delicate vertical bars. Reddish mouth. Yellowish, transparent fins. Dark rays to dorsal and anal fins. Female much less brightly colored....

Cryptocoryne Lingua

Description Beautiful small plant, at most 4 in 10 cm high. The leaves, which resemble little spatulas, are oval, bright green and fleshy, with a round tip, th leaf base narrows into the stalk, which constitutes half t lt two-thirds of the length of the leaf. Propagation Easy propagation by rhizome divisior Note that aerial plants multiply more rapidly than submerged ones. Environment Temperature best around 77 F 25 C but the plant will live wed between 60 F 16 C and 86'F 30 X . pH slightly...

Freshwater Halfbeak

Distribution Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand. Description Shape elongated body with narrow caudal peduncle dorsal and anal fins opposite each other and set very close to the tail. The elongateci immovable lower aw is typical, forming a kind of flytrap with the movable upper jaw. Color upp.- f surface dark sides of body gleaming silver with a mother-of-pearl sheen sides of belly creamy-white to yellow. Some populations have a black and a red late i stripe on the lower jaw....

Spraying Characin

Distribution Amazon and Rio Para. Description Shape smatl, verv elongated, slightly flattened profile. Large, protruding horizontal mouih Upper lobe of cauda fin particularly elongated in he male. Color back a dark brownish yellow sides and beily yellowish or greenish with a rust-brown sheen large dark-edged scales, producing a netlike pattern. Gill cover has a greenish-gold spot. A narrow dark tine runs from the mouth to the eye. Size males up to 3J in 8 , females up to 2...

Blackline Tetra

Distribution Para region, Brazil. Description Shape very elongated. Color back greenish or brownish sides silver, with a bluish or brassy sheen belly silvery. A broad black band runs from the gill cover to the base of the caudal fin, forming a large diamond-shaped patch at the end. The black band is topped by a thin gleaming metallic line. Colorless pelvic fins all others pale reddish, anal fin edged with black at the front. Size up to 2 in 5cm . Sexual differences male...

Striped Suckermouth Catfish

Freshwater Catfish For Aquariums

Distribution Tropical South America. Description Shape characteristic for a bottom-living fish low-set sucking mouth, surrounded by fleshy lips pectoral and pefvic fins broad and flat Dorsal fin long, high and bannerlike. The adipose fin and caudal fin have an elongated lower lobe. Nasal openings have pipelike extensions mouth has barbels. Color see illustration variable as with all Loricariidae. Size about 4 in 1 Gem Sexual differences the males probably have whiskerlike...

Aponogeton Henkelianus

Distribution Madagascar. Description Similar in appearance and form Aponogeton fenestralis. The oblong and variously leaves differ from ihose of A fenestralis only in tl color, which is brownish, while the stalks are reddish Propagat ion By division of the offshoots, rather r rg difficult by seed when done by seed, water temperature should be 68-77 F 20-25 C Environment Temperature Usually between 6C F 16 C and 68 F 20 C , with possible extremt 0f 57 F 14'C and 76 F 24'C...

Guenthers Notho

Nothobranchius guenthari Family Cypnnodontidae. Distribution Zanzibar. Mozambique. Mombasa Kenya . Pangani River Tanzania . Description Shape deep body, rounded fins. Color males have a red tail fin, and each scale on rheir body is blue or greenish blue ouilined in red. producing a network pattern. Females dull in appearance, with dark spots or rows of spots on body and fins. Size up to 2 in 7 cm . Sexual differences only in body color Environment Normal habitat consists of temporary pools and...

Lyretails Aphyosemions

Family Cyprinodontidae Distribution Tropical West Africa from Nigeria to Zaire, chiefly in slowly flowing or still waters. Description Color very varied Species in photograph is possibly A Christyi Size from to 5 lt n 3 o 1 3 cm . Sexual differences the females of most species are far less striking and colorful than the males. Environment Most were originally inhabitants of the tropical forest only A, bualanum is found exclusively in the savanna Temperature 64-72 F 18-22 C . pH...

Aponogeton Ulvaceus

Aponogeton Ulvaceus

Distribution Madagascar. Description This is probably the Aponogeton speci . most suited toaquarium use its leaves are approximate ,' 10 in 25 cm long with wavy, translucent pale grei . blades In turbulent water Aponogeton ulvaceus m exhibit a certain variety of shapes, with longer and narrower or shorter and wider leaves, depending on tha current. Propagation By division of offshoots propagation by seeding is more difficult and rarely succeeds. Environment Temperature...