Analysis of trade data

The following section will describe analyses of CITES data for trade in stony corals and giant clams, Annex D data for seahorses and GMAD data for fish, corals and invertebrates. Based on sales data supplied by the 58 companies in GMAD and applying the method described in Green8 the best estimate of annual global trade is between 20 million and 24 million for marine ornamental fish, 11-12 million for corals and 910 million for marine ornamental invertebrates.

FISH

Records within GMAD for marine ornamental fish range from 1988 to 2003. However, the data are not uniformly distributed and most data were collected for the years 1998 and 1999 for importers' data and 2000 and 2001 for exporters' information. Data provided by importers and exporters show that a total of 7,938,828 fish and 3,588,406 fish respectively were traded between 1991 and 2003. (See Table 1.)

According to data held in GMAD a total of 1,471 species of fish are traded globally. Most of these species are associated with coral reefs although a relatively high

Blue-green damselfish, Chromis viridis.

Table 1: Total number of fish traded as ornamentals

As derived from exporters' and importers' data in GMAD.

Year

Total fish traded

Total fish traded

(exporters' data)

(importers' data)

1991

-

530,612

1992

-

639,070

1993

-

541,063

1994

-

467,715

1995

-

550,028

1996

8,540

812,661

1997

5,268

629,847

1998

15,739

1,326,953

1999

642,961

1,383,106

2000

1,695,414

605,532

2001

1,122,217

434,760

2002

94,084

17,481

2003

4,183

-

Total

3,588,406

7,938,828

Figure 1: Global trade of fish broken down by family a. According to exporters' data in GMAD

b. According to importers' data in GMAD

Others 13%

Callionymidae 2% Microdesmidae 2% Blenniidae 3% Serranidae 3% Chaetodontidae 4%

Pomacanthidae 6%

Acanthuridae 6%

Gobiidae 7%

Figure 1: Global trade of fish broken down by family

Pomacentridae 47%

Gobiidae 7%

Labridae 7%

Pomacentridae 47%

Labridae 7%

Others 17%

Blenniidae 2% Serranidae 2% Microdesmidae 2% Callionymidae 3% Chaetodontidae 4%

Gobiidae 5%

Labridae 6%

Acanthuridae 8%

b. According to importers' data in GMAD

Pomacentridae 43%

Pomacanthidae 8%

Pomacentridae 43%

Pomacanthidae 8%

number of species are associated with other habitats such as seagrass beds, mangroves and mudflats.

According to data provided by exporters, the Philippines, Indonesia, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Australia, Fiji, the Maldives and Palau, together, supplied more than 98 per cent of the total number of fish exported between the years 1997 and 2002. (See Table 2.)

GMAD trade records from importers for years 1997-2002 showed that the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, France and Germany were the most important countries of destination, comprising 99 per cent of all imports of marine ornamental fish. Exporters' data revealed Taiwan, Japan and Hong Kong to be important importing areas. (See Table 3.)

Looking at the most commonly traded families, species of Pomacentridae dominate, accounting for 43 per cent (according to importers' data in GMAD) of all fish traded. They are followed by species belonging to Pomacanthidae, Acanthuridae, Labridae, Gobiidae, Chaetodontidae, Callionymidae, Microdesmidae, Serrani-dae and Blenniidae. (See Figure 1.)

For the years 1997-2002, the blue-green damselfish (Chromis viridis), the clown anemonefish (Amphiprion ocellaris), the whitetail dascyllus (Dascyllus aruanus), the sapphire devil (Chrysiptera cyanea) and the threespot dascyllus (Dascyllus trimaculatus) are the most commonly globally traded species. (See Table 4, overleaf.) The top ten species together account for 36 per cent of all fish traded from 1997 to 2002, according to data provided by importers.

Table 2: Main source countries of marine ornamental fish

Total number of fish traded as derived from exporters' and importe

rs' data for the

years 1997 to 2002 in GMAD. Percentage of

total trade for individual countries is also presented.

Origin

No. of fish exported

% of total no. of

Origin

No. of fish exported

% of total no. of

(exporters' data)

fish traded

(importers' data)

fish traded

Philippines

1,523,854

43

Unknown

3,556,772

81

Indonesia

943,059

26

Indonesia

316,355

7

Solomon Islands

416,262

12

Fiji

237,872

5

Sri Lanka

183,537

5

Philippines

81,294

2

Australia

173,323

5

Sri Lanka

60,220

1

Fiji

131,746

4

Solomon Islands 25,732

1

Maldives

78,018

2

Maldives

22,165

1

Palau

63,482

2

Total

3,513,281

99

Total

4,300,410

98

Table 3: Main importers of marine ornamental fish

Table 3: Main importers of marine ornamental fish

Total number of fish traded as derived from exporters' and importers' data for the years 1997 to 2002 in GMAD. Percentage of total trade for individual countries is also presented.

Destination

No. of fish imported

% of total no. of

Destination

No. of fish imported

% of total no. of

(exporters' data)

fish traded

(importers' data)

fish traded

USA

1,462,347

41

USA

3,054,273

69

Unknown

788,230

22

United Kingdom

874,557

20

Taiwan

244,454

7

Netherlands

264,976

6

Japan

223,613

6

France

103,234

2

Hong Kong

152,738

4

Germany

99,955

2

France

132,439

4

Germany

119,739

3

Netherlands

117,248

3

Italy

70,686

2

United Kingdom

48,911

1

Total

3,360,405

93

Total

4,396,995

99

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