Governments

Governments of many exporting countries often play an important role in the trade of marine ornamentals, ranging from financial assistance to improved management schemes and trade regulations21. Certain countries/ states set fishing quotas (e.g. Florida43), prohibit collection from certain sites (such as designated restricted areas in Hawaii) or prohibit certain capture methods (such as cyanide in Indonesia). Rules and regulations naturally vary from one country to the next. In the European Union (EU), for example, traders must contact the appropriate national ministry (e.g. Ministry of the Environment) and file an application for technical certification as well as declare all imported and exported goods to the Ministry of Finance39.

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