Limited access to the fishery

A licensing system, such as the one operating in Australia, the Cook Islands, Palau and a number of other Pacific Island countries, whereby collection effort is regulated through a limited number of permits being issued each year, offers a good way of monitoring the industry6. In addition, Australia has introduced restrictions on net size to ensure a limited number of permits is not offset by greater fishing effort6. The number of permits to be issued should be based on scientific studies estimating the resource base and sustainable harvest quotas, be non-transferable, subject to review on a regular basis and clearly state the conditions under which fishing is authorized. The licensing system in Florida, where collectors operate under state legislation, and in Fiji, where conditions attached to operators' licences are severe, stands in contrast to schemes in place in countries such as Indonesia where permits are issued but enforcement and control is difficult6.

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