Table 7 The top ten most commonly traded genera of corals worldwide

Totals for number of pieces are derived from importers' and exporters' data in GMAD for years 1988 to 2002 and 1998 to 2003 respectively. Genera common to both datasets are in bold.

Genera

No. of pieces

Genera

No. of pieces

(exporters' data)

(importers' data)

Scleractinia*

208,122

Trachyphyllia

37,082

Goniopora

192,697

Euphyllia

31,614

Euphyllia

191,670

Goniopora

27,322

Trachyphyllia

115,262

Acropora

26,451

Catalaphyllia

90,498

Plerogyra

13,878

Acropora

79,720

Lobophyllia

11,933

Heliofungia

77,924

Scleractinia*

11,035

Plerogyra

60,691

Catalaphyllia

10,907

Porites

48,889

Favia

9,531

Turbinaria

47,729

Turbinaria

8,955

Total

1,113,202

Total

188,708

* Unidentified stony corals

* Unidentified stony corals levels are sustainable and to agree a system under which export statistics reflect true imports. A recent audit at one of the largest Fijian export companies showed that the actual export figure was approximately 9 per cent of the recorded declared va lue45. Until this case has been resolved and the CITES Secretariat has published agreed quotas on the CITES website, Parties to the Convention should not accept any export permits for specimens of CITES-listed coral species from Fiji66.

For the years 1997 to 2001, CITES statistics show the major importers of stony corals to be the United States, Japanviii, Germany, France, China (including Hong Kong), Canadaix, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, together importing more than 95 per cent of the total number of live corals being traded worldwide. Taking the EU as one statistical entity, 73 per cent of total live coral imports are accounted for by the United States, 14 per cent by the EU, 7 per cent by Japan, 2 per cent by China (including Hong Kong), 2 per cent by Canada and 1 per cent by the Republic of Korea". (See Figure 3.)

Commonly traded coral genera, based on CITES export and import data 1999-2001, include Acropora (staghorn, cluster, bluetip, bush, cat's paw or bottlebrush coral), CatalaphylUa (elegance coral), Euphyllia (anchor or hammer coral), Galaxea (galaxy coral), Goniopora (flowerpot coral), Heliofungia (mushroom coral), LobophylUa (lobed brain coral), Plerogyra (bubble or grape coral), Trachyphyllia (open brain coral), Turbinaria (cup coral) and Scleractinia. However, the last is likely to include a large proportion of traded live rock67. These findings are corroborated by data within GMAD showing the same genera as the top ten species in trade from both

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