Adaptations Of Animals

Wilkens, P. 1990. Invertebrates: Stone and False Corals, Colonial Anemones. Engel-bert Pfriem Verlag, Wuppertal, germany, 134 pp.

Wilkerson, F. P., Muller-Parker, G. and Muscatine, L. (1983) Temporal patterns of cell division in natural populations of endosymbiotic algae. Limnol. Oceanogr28, 1009-1014.

Wilkerson. F. P. and Muscatine, L. (1984) Uptake and assimilation of dissolved inorganic nitrogen by a symbiotic sea anemone. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B, 221, 71-86.

Wilkerson, F. P. and Trench, R. K. (1985) Nitrate assimilation by zooxanthellae maintained in laboratory culture. Mar. Chem., 16, 385-393-

Williams, G. C. 0975) Sex and Evolution, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 200 pp.

Williams, G.C. 1992. The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). Annals of the South African Museum

Williams, Gary C. (1993) Coral Reef Octocorals. An Illustrated Guide to the Soft Corals, Sea Fans and Sea Pens inhabiting the Coral Reefs of Northern Natal. Durban Natural Science Museum, Durban, South Africa, 64 Pp.

Williams, R. B. (1968) Control of the discharge of cnidae in Diadumene luciae (Verrill). Nature, 219, 959.

Williams, R. B. (1972a) Chemical control of feeding behaviour in the sea anemone Diadumene luciaeiVerrill). Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 41 A, 361-371.

Williams, R. B. (1972b) Notes on the history and invertebrate fauna of a poikilohaline lagoon in Norfolk. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 52, 945-963.

Williams, R. B. (1973) Are there physiological races of the sea anemone Diadumene luciae? Mar. Biol., 21, 327-330.

Williams, R. B. (1975) Catch-tentacles in sea anemones: occurrence in Haliplanella luciae (Verrill) and a review of current knowledge. J. Nat. Hist., 9. 241-248.

Wilson, D. M. (1959) Long-term facilitation in a swimming sea anemone. J. Exp. Biol., 36, 526-532.

Windt-Preuss, H. (1959) Beobachtungen u her die Nahrungsaufnahme und das Verhalten der Seenelke Metridium senile L. Kieler Meeresforsch., 15, 84-88.

Winsor, L. 1990. Marine Turbellaria (Acoela) from North Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 28(2):785-800.

Woolmington, A. D. and Davenport, J. (1983) pH and PO? levels beneath marine macro-fouling organisms. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 66, 113-124.

Wylie, C.R. and V.J. Paul. 1989. Chemical defenses on three species of Sinularia (Coelenterata: Alcyonacea): effects against generalist predators and the butterflyfish Chaetodon animaculatiis Bloch. J. Exp. Mar. Biol Ecol. 129:141-160.

Yamazato, K., Yoshimoto, F. and N. Yoshihara. 1973. Reproductive cycle in a zoan-thid Palythoa tuberculosa Esper. (Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Cnidaria) Publ. Seto

-----------------. Sato. M. and H. Yamashiro. 1981. Reproductive biology of an alcy-

onacean coral, Lobophytum crassum Marenzeller. Proc. 4th Int. Coral Reef Symp., Manila, vol2.

Yentsch, C. S. and Pierce, D. C. (1955) 'Swimming' anemone from Puget Sound.

Science, 122, 1231-1233-

Yonge, C. M. (1930) A Year on the Great Barrier Reef Putnam, London, 246 pp.

Yoshioka, P.M. and B. Buchanan-Yoshioka. 1991. A comparison of the survivorship and growth of shallow-water gorgonian species of Puerto Rico (West Indies). Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 69:253-260,

Zahl, P. A. and McLaughlin, J. J. A. (1959) Studies in marine biology. IV. On the role of algal cells in the tissues of marine invertebrates. J. Protozool., 6, 344-352.

Zamer, W. E. (1986) Physiological energetics of the intertidal sea anemone Antho-pleura elegantissima I. Prey capture, absorption efficiency and growth. Mar. Biol 92, 299-314.

Zamer. W. E. and Hoffmann, R.J. (1989) Allozymes of gIucose-6-phosphate isomerase differentially modulate pentose-shunt metabolism in the sea anemone Metridium senile. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci, USA, 86, 2737-2741.

Zamer, W. E. and Mangum, C. P. (1979) Irreversible nongenetic temperature adaptation of oxygen uptake in clones of the sea anemone Haliplanella luciae (Verrill).

Zamer. W7. E., Robbins, R. E. and Shick, J. M. (1987) b-glucuronidase activity and detritus utilization in the sea anemones Metridium senile and Antbopleura elegantissima. Comp. Biocbem. Physiol, 87B, 303-308.

Zamer, W. E. and Shick. J. M. (1987) Physiological energetics of the intertidal sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima II. Energy balance. Mar. Biol., 93, 481-491.

Zanier. W. E. and Shick, J. M. (1989) Physiological energetics of the intertidal sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima III. Biochemical composition of body tissues, substrate-specific absorption, and carbon and nitrogen budgets. Oecologia, 79, 117-127.

Zamer, W. E.. Shick, J. M. and Tapley, D. W. (1989) Protein measurement and energetic considerations: Comparisons of biochemical and stoichiometric methods using bovine serum albumin and protein isolated from sea anemones. Limnol. Oceanogr.,

Zammit, V. A. and Newsholme, E. A. (1976) The maximum activities of hexokinase, phosphorylase, phosphofructokinase, glycerol phosphate dehydrogenases, lactate dehydrogenase, octopine dehydrogenase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, nucleoside diphosphatekinase, glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase and arginine kinase in relation to carbohydrate utilization in muscles from marine invertebrates.

Zammit, V. A. and Newsholme, E. A. (1978) Properties of pyruvate kinase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in relation to the direction and regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate metabolism in muscles of the frog and marine invertebrates. Biochem. /, 174,979-987.

Zamponi, M. O. (1981) Estructuras anatómicas adaptativas en anemonas (Coelenterata Actinia ria). Neotropica, 27, 165-169.

Zaslow, R.B. and Y. Benayahu. 1996. Longevity, competence and energetic content in planulae of the soft coral Heteroxenia fuscescens. J. Exp, Mar. Biol. Ecol. 206:55-68.

Zwaan, A. de (1977) Anaerobic energy metabolism in bivalve molluscs. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 15, 103-187.

Zwaan, A. de (1983) Carbohydrate catabolism in bivalves. In P. W. Hochachka (ed.). The Mollusca. Vol. 1. Metabolic Biochemistry and Molecular Biomechanics, Academic Press, New York, pp. 137-175.

Zwaan, A. de and Putzer, V. ! 1985) Metabolic adaptations of intertidal invertebrates to environmental hypoxia (a comparison of environmental anoxia to exercise anoxia). In M. S. Laverack (edj, Physiological Adaptations of Marine Animals, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 33-62.

Adaptations Marine Animals

Index fíhodactis cí. inchoata in the Solomon Islands. J. Macare

Acclimation 127 Acoel flatworms 317, 427 Acontia 51, 102 Acontium. 102 Acrorhagi 102 Acrospheres 89, 319, 322 Acrossota 23, 172 Acrozocmtbus 306 Actineria 411 Actinodendridae 413 Actinociendron 13, 369, 413, 412-413

Actinopharynx 100, 363 Activated carbon 254, 360-361 Aiptasia 118, 370, 425, 427 Alcyoniina 28 Alcyonium 193, 197, 199

Colony with eggs 39 Algae

Control of 435 All Seas Fisheries 124 Allelochemicals in corallimorphs 93 Allelochemicals in the water 46 Alpbeus 372 Alveopora, 180 Amastigophores 104 Ampbiprion chrysopterus 126 Ampbiprion clarkii 378, 388 Ampbiprion leucokranos 127 Ampbiprion ocellaris 128, 378 Ampbiprion percula 95, 130 Ampbiprionperideraion 392, 395 Ampbiprion polymnus 403 A mplexidiscus fenestrafer 84-85, 159, 316, 331, 331, 338

Feeding 86

Narcotic effect on prey 93 New species 332 Anemone floating 354 Anemone suffocating 363 Anemonefishes 126 Anemones Bleaching 360

deflated flaccid 364 Dyed 361 Infections 359

Lighting recommendations 356 Loss of pigment in 360 Loss of stickiness 362 mysteriously losing their zooxan thellae 357 refusal of food 362 shrinking 362 Symptoms of illness 360 Temperature and spawning 355 White 360 "Anemonicf cf. majano 373-574 Anemonia viridis{=sulcata) 375, 425 Angular Sea Whip 281 Anisorhizous. 104 Anoxic sites promoting the develop ment of pathogenic strains of bacteria 449

Antbelia 166-167, 245-246, 414

Anthocodium. 21 Anthostele 21, 28 Anti-cancer diterpenes 42 Anti-foulants 43 Anti-Fouling 47 Anti-inflammatory and tissue-healing agents 43 Anti-oxidant 72, 315 Anti-viral compound(s) 383 Antibiotic treatment 446 Antibiotics 148

discarding treated water 446 Antihelminthic drugs 430 Antipatharia 12 Antler Anemone 366, 368

Aquariums for Corallimorpharia Artificial colouring 361 Artificial rock 147 Asexual Planulae

(Parthenogenesis) 41 Asexual reproduction in anemones 118

Asexual reproduction via longiai-dinal fission 364

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The word aquarium originates from the ancient Latin language, aqua meaning water and the suffix rium meaning place or building. Aquariums are beautiful and look good anywhere! Home aquariums are becoming more and more popular, it is a hobby that many people are flocking too and fish shops are on the rise. Fish are generally easy to keep although do they need quite a bit of attention. Puppies and kittens were the typical pet but now fish are becoming more and more frequent in house holds. In recent years fish shops have noticed a great increase in the rise of people wanting to purchase aquariums and fish, the boom has been great for local shops as the fish industry hasnt been such a great industry before now.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment