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These look like sea anemones but are actually corallimorpharians. Corynactis is on the left, and

Pseudocorynactis on the right. J. Sprung j*

Corallimorpharians

These anemone-like creatures are also corallimorpharians. Disco-soma (Rhodactis) sanctithomae is on the left and Rlcordea florida on the right.

J. Sprung and J. C. Delbeek

Phyllodiscus SemoniNatural Habitat

These "colonial anemones" are not true anemones. They belong to the order Zoanthidea (Zoantharia). J. C. Delbeek and J. Sprung

Ceriantharia

Cerianthid anemones belong to the order Ceriantharia, and are not true sea anemones. J. C. Delbeek

Order Ptychodactiaria
, - * -»
Easy Stony Corals

Several stony corals with large fleshy polyps such as Catalaphyllia, left and Heliofungia. right are easily mistaken for sea anemones.

The siphonoglyphs of Stichodactyla gigantea are quite conspicuous. These are the objects that look like cooked barley with a pinkish groove on opposite sides of the mouth. J. Sprung

room" or "disc" anemones and strawberry7 anemones). The j

Actiniaria are separated additionally into suborders, tribes and families. While there are many genera and species of true anemones (about 1000 species), the scope of this book does not allow their description. We are only concerned with those sea anemones that are commonly maintained in tropical aquaria.

Table 4.1 Phylum Cnidaria, Class Anthozoa___

Systematics of Sea

Anemones Subclass Octocorallia

Not all species are shown. This Subc)ass Hexacorallia table primarily features species Qrder ceriantharia covered by this text. spp

Order Madreporaria

Suborder Scleractinia Suborder Corallimorpharia Order Zoanthidea Order Antipatharia Order Ptychodactiaria Order Actiniaria

Suborder Protantheae

Family Gonactiniidae Suborder Endocoelantheae Suborder Nyantheae

Tribe Boloceroidaria

Family Boloceroididae Family Aliciidae

Lebrun ia coral I igens Leb ru nia danae Phyllodiscus semoni

Tribe Mesomyaria

Family Diadumenidae Family Aiptasiidae

Ai plasia pallida Aiptasia pu Ichella Bartholomea annulata Capnea iucida

Family Aiptasiomorphidae Family Hormathiidae

Calliaclis spp. Family Metridiidae Family Acontiophoridae Family Sargartiidae

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The COMPLETE guide to Aquariums

The word aquarium originates from the ancient Latin language, aqua meaning water and the suffix rium meaning place or building. Aquariums are beautiful and look good anywhere! Home aquariums are becoming more and more popular, it is a hobby that many people are flocking too and fish shops are on the rise. Fish are generally easy to keep although do they need quite a bit of attention. Puppies and kittens were the typical pet but now fish are becoming more and more frequent in house holds. In recent years fish shops have noticed a great increase in the rise of people wanting to purchase aquariums and fish, the boom has been great for local shops as the fish industry hasnt been such a great industry before now.

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