In Volume One we featured some photographs of reef aquariums from around the world. This was a popular section of the book, so we decided to do it again in Volume Two. We were amused to discover that the appearance of reef tanks has markedly transformed in the few years since our first book was published. The trend lately is to have a reef aquarium full of small-polyped stony corals. Volume Two is about soft corals and anemones, so the aquarium photographs here tend to emphasize the wrong creatures for this book!
While the small-polyped stony corals are certainly challenging to grow and colourful, they lack the fluid motion provided by swaying soft corals or anemones, which can be more interesting to observe. We hope that the information provided in this book stimulates a renewed interest in the great variety of soft corals, anemones, and anemone-like creatures that really provide interesting movement and diversity of shape to a reef aquarium community.
With this tour of beautiful reef tanks we hope to inspire the reader to develop new ideas about reef aquarium construction and the communities established within a reef aquarium.
This 180 gallon reef aquarium owned by Tom Robinson features a nice mix ot soft corals, stony corals, zoanthids, and coral-limorphs. Tom's daughter Kathleen has learned a lot about coral reefs by studying the tank. J. Sprung
Greg Schiemer's reef aquarium with many very colourful small polyped stony (SPS) corals and a few soft corals. J. C. Delbeek
A reef aquarium by Joe Yaiullo. J. C. Delbeek
Overview of a section of the reef aquarium of Tony Vargas. J. C. Delbeek
A closeup of a section of the reef tank of Tony Vargas. J. Sprung
One of Terry Siegel's reef aquariums. G. Schiemer
One of Larry Jackson's reef aquariums with a nice diversity of life. L. Jackson
A section ot the reef aquarium of Daniel Ramirez. J. Sprung
Part of one of the show aquariums at Biotope Aquaristik, near Cologne Germany. The aquarium features nice colonies of soft corals and corallimorphs and rare fish such as this Bodianussp. J. Sprung
The 1900 L (500 gal) surge coral display is the newest live coral display at the Waikiki Aquarium. Established in September 1996, it replaced a smaller (950 L/250 gal) surge coral tank. Many of the corals from the previous display were placed in this tank. Several of these had grown substantially such as the Platygyra and Lobophyllia spp. visible in the picture. Some of these corals are 5 or more years old. This is a completely closed system using a downdraft skimmer, a chiller, two surge towers for water movement, a calcium reactor and two 400 W 20000K metal halides plus natural sunlight for lighting. J. C. Delbeek
This 950 L (250 gal) tank contains some of the oldest corals on display at a public aquarium. The large Goniopora sp. that dominates the left side of the tank was collected in Palau in 1980 and has grown into several separate heads. In the center of the tank is a 17 year old Euphyllia ancora from Palau. The 5 Heliofungia on the bottom of the tank are over 9 years old and the green Sandalolitha are (female) 15 and (male) 7 years old. The large specimens of Sarcophyton on the right are offspring of the original collected over fifteen years ago. The gorgonian, Rumphella, collected in 1988 from Palau. The tank has live rock and a crushed coral substrate over an airlift driven undergravel filter. There is a slow trickle of seawater from a saltwater-well, a small external pump and an additional powerhead for creating good current within the tank. Lighting: two 400 W 20000K metal halide lamps and direct natural sunlight in the afternoon. J. C. Delbeek
This 950 L (250 gal) tank at the Waikiki Aquarium features the oldest aquacul-
tured Tridacna clams in captivity. The T. gigas in the center is 20 years old, obtained from the MMDC in 1982. The two specimens on either side were obtained as juveniles also in 1982. Two Gonioporasp. in the tank are over 7 years old. The tank consists of several pieces of live rock and crushed coral gravel over an airlift undergravel filter. It has a slow trickle of seawater from a saltwater-well and an external pump for creating mild current within the tank. Lighting: two 400W 20000K metal halide lamps and direct natural sunlight in the afternoon J. C. Delbeek
This 950L (250 gal) 5 year old exhibit houses 13 sea anemones. Nine Entac-maea quadricolor arose via fission from a specimen collected in 1980 in Palau. They spawn every April (see chapter four). Other specimens include a thirteen year old Stichodactyla mertensii collected in Fiji in 1984, two Macro-dactyla doreensis and two Heteractis magnifica. The tank has several pieces of live rock and crushed coral over an airlift driven undergravel filter, with a slow trickle of seawater from a saltwater-well. An external pump creates good current within the tank. Lighting: two 250 W 5500 K metal halides and natural sunlight in the morning. J. C. Delbeek
The Edge of the Reef is a 26600 L (7000 gal) outdoor exhibit that reconstructs a typical Hawaiian shoreline. Established in 1987, it contains many of the original fish and corals. Large heads of Montipora verrucosa and Pontes lobata have grown. The Montipora spawns each June a few days after the new moon. Filtration: 3 rapid sand filters and 3- 2HP pumps. Water jets in the walls of the exhibit provide circulation and a 950 L (250 gal.) surge tower empties every five minutes. Natural seawater enters the filtration system at the rate of 2280 L/h (600 g/h) and the exhibit overflows to the ocean as well as recirculating through the sand filters. J. C. Delbeek.
A small portion of Bob and Debbie James1 magnificent reef aquarium in Toronto, Canada. J. C. Delbeek
Middle and bottom, This very colourful reef aquarium full of healthy growing stony and soft corals is the pride and joy of a very enthusiastic aquarist, Ricardo Miozzo, who lives in Brazil. A. Povoa
Top view of Julian Sprung's 15 gallon reef aquarium with a mangrove tree growing out of it.
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