Reef Tank PlantsGalaxea Fascicularis

Galaxy Coral (Galaxea fascicularis)

Trumpet Coral íCaulastrea furcata)

tively long tentacles and must not be placed close to other invertebrates, which they may sting. They need bright light. Euphyllia ancora (Anchor Coral, Hammerhead Coral, Hammer Coral, or Ridge Coral) has a curved extension at the end of each tentacle, giving the appearance of little hammers or anchors. Euphyllia divisa (Wall Coral, Frogspawn Coral, or Vase Coral) gets one of its colorful common names from the appearance of the tentacles. It sports numerous tubercles and white spots, suggesting a mass of frog's eggs when viewed at a distance. Although it is another good aquarium species, in my experience, specimens may die as a result of damage incurred during shipping. Torch Coral, Euphyllia glabrescens, looks like several cone-shaped torches attached at the apex. The elongated tentacles with pale, rounded tips extend from the torch like flames.

Turbinariapeltata (called Cup Coral, Chalice Coral, or

Wineglass Coral) is so named because the skeleton is shaped like a goblet with a fat stem by which the coral is attached to a hard substrate. Thin, brownish tissue covers the entire surface. It is important to avoid specimens that have merely been snapped off above the point of attachment. The large, flowerlike polyps are borne only on the inside of the "goblet." Turbinaria is interesting in appearance and easy to keep. Other species of Turbinaria are thinner and more delicate in appearance and are good aquarium subjects as well. Often, such specimens are an attractive mustard yellow color.

Plerogyra sinuosa (Bubble Coral) may be pale blue, brownish, or green in color. This is a commonly available and popular species and is often long-lived. A related genus, Physogyra, which looks very similar, is called Pearl Bubble Coral. These corals will do well in moderate light, but

Chapter Eight 203

should be protected from strong currents of water.

Blastomussa, Nemenzophyllia, Galaxea, and Caulastrea with inshore corals, often in turbid, silty waters;

Firefish (Nemateleotris magnified) prefers shallow water are additional genera of lagoon corals that are available spo- in Indonesia, but has been found on the deep outer reef in radically. Of these, Caulastrea is a personal favorite of mine, Hawaii;

with both green and brown forms. Galaxea, though very

Signal Goby (Signigobius biocellatus) digs a burrow in beautiful, has astonishingly long sweeper tentacles that will clear lagoons, usually accompanied by its mate;

"nettle" and eventually kill neighboring corals. (In the wild,

Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens) and Sailfin Tang it can take over large areas of inshore fringing reefs, and in (Z. veliferum) graze the shallows where algae are abundant;

the aquarium should be given at least 6 inches of buffer zone in all directions.)


Hawaiian Neon or Four-Line Wrasse (Pseudocheilinus tetrataenia) and its cousin, the familiar Six-Line Wrasse {P. hexataenia), are found in a variety of habitats from shallow low, inshore habitats in the Indo-Pacific harbor a variety of stands of coral to deep outer reefs;

species collected for the aquarium trade, fishes as well as

Hawaiian Domino Damsel (Dascyllus albiselld) lives in invertebrates, largely because they are easily accessible to very calm, shallow water and often associates with the collectors with minimal equipment. Especially good choices Hawaiian Sand Anemone. The anemone was once known

— just a sampling of an ever-increasing wealth of available as Antheopsis papillosa, but more recent studies have shown species — for fishes to go along with the invertebrates from it to be Heteractis malu, which hosts Clark's Clownfish in this environment include the following:

Pajama Cardinalfish (Sphaeramia nematoptera) is often

Asian waters.

No list of shallow-water reef-tank compatible species found among Acropora colonies and will reproduce in cap- from the Indo-Pacific would be complete without mention-


ing the Banggai Cardinalfish, Pterapogon kauderni. This

Yellowtail Damselfish (Ghrysiptera parasema) associates shoaling species, known only from a remote location to the

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