Captive Propagated Fishes Invertebrates

The Livestock Supply of the Future urprisingly few of the thousands of hob- markup on cultivated livestock, because they will lose fewer byists with whom I have become acquainted are specimens, costs of transport may be less, and requirements aware of the number and variety of captive-propa- for maintaining the stock in good condition will be clearly gated marine species now available. Most express dis- documented and understood. Price reduction resulting from belief at the ease with which a diverse assemblage of such savings has already happened in the freshwater seg-

invertebrates can be cultivated. A few still think breeding ment of the aquarium industry and has made it a mass-mar-

marine fishes is impossible. However, we are witnessing ket business. This must also happen in the marine segment the beginning of a trend that, I think, will ultimately result if it is to grow and mature.

in the captive culture of most of the marine species sold for

The species that will be the keys to this revolution will aquariums. This will come not only because of expansion not be the large angels, wrasses, and triggers so often seen in of the number of species that can be propagated, but also be- artificial, fish-only displays. Rather, basslets, gobies, cause hobbyists will focus more and more of their attention blennies, damsels, dwarf angels, and anemonefishes, along on these species, for several reasons.

with the many other species that grow to moderate size and

First, captive-propagated marine fish and invertebrates reproduce under aquarium conditions, will dominate the are far better suited to aquarium life than their counter- market. Why? Because these are the species that can be parts harvested from the wild. Second, such specimens will successfully accommodated in a small, inexpensive system of cost less. Although captive-propagated marine life now of- 50 gallons or less for their entire lifespan. These will be the ten costs more than a comparable wild specimen, the prices marine world s equivalent of the widely available guppies, will inevitably come down as demand among hobbyists in- platies, tetras, barbs, dwarf cichlids, and danios of the fresh-

creases, making economies of scale possible for the hatch- water hobby. They are also the ones upon which hatchery eries. Also, dealers will learn that they can take a smaller efforts are most intensely focused.

Similarly, the fact that a collection of soft corals and disc

Swarming juvenile Maroon Clownfish (Premnas biaculeatus), propagated in captivity at C-Quest Farms in Puerto Rico.

anemones can be maintained successfully in a 10-gallon system costing about a hundred dollars to set up ensures that

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