Chapter Eight 211

Aquarium Breeding

ued propagation of the species. It also makes the process of acquiring mated pairs of anemonefishes for aquarium breeding purposes quite simple: any two juveniles placed together in an appropriate environment will often develop into a pair within several months. Perhaps 10 of 26 species of anemonefishes are available as captive-propagated specimens, with the Common Clownfish (Amphiprion o cellar is), Clark's Clownfish (A. clarkii), Tomato Clownfish (A. frena-tus), and the Maroon Clownfish {Premnas biaculeatus), almost universally available. Wild-caught clowns of nearly all species are still to be found in the aquarium trade, but the majority do not ship well and are becoming Common, Ocellaris, or False Percula Clownfish lAmphiprion ocellaris) less popular as more captive-propa-

gated stock reaches the aquarium market.

A REEF-TOP AQUARIUM FOR CLOUUNFISH. An

Because they normally spend their lives in a restricted aquarium exhibiting the host anemone Entacmaea quadri-

area near their host anemone, anemonefishes are "pre- color {clonsX form) with the clownfish Amphiprion melanopus adapted" to captivity. They are undemanding in their re- would closely duplicate the top of a tiny pinnacle of reef in quirements, needing only appropriate water conditions and the Coral Sea. A tank of about 75 to 120 gallons would be a suitable diet (a variety of readily available, small, meaty ideal. (See Chapter Two for equipment suggestions for a seafoods and some vegetable matter) to thrive, and even 120-gallon system for SPS corals, appropriate also for the spawn, in aquariums as small as 30 gallons. The host reef-top habitat.) Include only one anemone (leaving room anemone need not even be present. Many excellent books for its eventual progeny), five tank-reared, juvenile clowns on anemonefishes exist, most with color photographs of (which will eventually form a "family"), several Tridacna each species (see Bibliography, page 313 ). Creating a mi- maxima clams (also found on reef tops), and an assortment crohabitat aquarium featuring any of the anemonefishes is of Indo-Pacific shrimps, including Lysmata amboinensis and a rewarding project, even for a novice aquarist. For those L. debelius. SPS corals would also be at home in this aquar-

with sufficient experience to assume responsibility for a host ium anemone, here are two suggested designs for habitats fea- indicating that they came from shallow water, rather than wehus. orb corals would also be at home in this aquar-

. Choose specimens with pink or purple pigments, eating that thev came from shallow water, rather than turing a clownfish-anemone pair as the focal point:

relying on species identifications. Place the corals so that

212 Natural Reef Aquariums

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