Emperors Seabreams

LONGFACE EMPEROR Lethrinus olivaceus

ID: Elongate body with long pointed snout; gray to olive with no distinctive markings; often display mottled pattern. Largest species in family. Solitary or form groups; highly active and fast swimming. Sand bottoms of lagoons and outer slopes in 1 -185 m. Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Samoa. - S.W. Japan and Micronesia to Australia and New Caledonia.

SPANGLED EMPEROR Lethrinus nebulosus

ID: Elongate pointed snout; pale gray with blue to white scale centers; blue streaks on cheek. Solitary to large groups. Flat sand bottoms in the vicinity of reefs to 75 m; also frequent seagrass beds and mangrove areas. West Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Samoa. - S.W. Japan to Australia.

SPOTCHEEK EMPEROR Lethrinus rubrioperculatus

ID: Bright silver to brownish silver with diffuse stnpe and bar markings on lower body: reddish brown spot on rear edge of gill cover. Solitary or form small groups. Sand and rubble bottoms of coastal reefs and outer slopes to 40 m. Indo • Asian Pacific: Sri Lanka to Solomon Is. - S.W. Japan and Micronesia to Australia and New Caledonia.

YEtlOWllP EMPEROR Lethrinus xanthochilus

SIZE: to 60 cm (2 ft.) Emperors - Lethrinidae

ID: Elongate body; unmarked silvery pale gray to olive, also mottled and blotched pattern; yellow upper lip, yellow to orange spot on base of pectoral fin. Solitary or form small groups. Sand and rubble bottoms near reefs in 5-30 m. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Micronesia and French Polynesia. - S. Japan to Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.

THUMBPRINT EMPEROR Lethrinus harak

SEE: to 50 cm (20 in.) Emperors - Lethrinidae

ID: Pale gray with elongate dark blotch on middle of side. (Indian Ocean variation has dark blotch surrounded by orange halo.) Solitary or form groups. Sandy shallows next to shore, coastal reefs and lagoons to 20 m.

Indo - West Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Samoa. - S.W. Japan and Micronesia to N. Australia and New Caledonia.

Thumbprint Emperor - Phase

ID: Has the ability to rapidly fade and intensify dark mid-body spot. Two narrow lines below eye are distinctive when spot is faded.

Pinkear Emperor - Mottled Phase

ID: May camouflage by changing to mottled and blotched shades of brown especially when resting on bottom at night, but still distinguished by bright red streak on rear edge of gill cover. Most species ol emperors can quickly change to a similar mottled pattern.

PINKEAR EMPEROR Lethrinuslentjan

SIZE: to 50 cm (20 m.) Emperors - Lethrinidae

ID: Pale silvery gray: bright red streak on rear edge of gill cover. Solitary or form groups. Sandy areas of coastal reefs, lagoons and outer slopes in 10- 50 m. Indo - West Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Tonga. - S.W. Japan to N. Australia and New Caledonia.

ORANGE-STRIPED EMPEROR Lethrinus obsoletus

SIZE: to 50 cm (20 in.) Emperors - Lethrinidae

ID: Pale gray: yellow stripe from base of pectoral fin to tail.

Solitary or form small groups. Seagrass beds and sand and rubble areas of ooastal reefs, lagoons and outer slopes to 30 m. Indo - West Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Tonga and Samoa. - S.W. Japan and Micronesia to Australia and New Caledonia.

SMALLT00TH EMPEROR Lethrinus microdon

ID: Long pointed snout; silvery gray; dark streaks radiate from fore lower quarter of eye. Solitary or form groups. Coastal reefs, lagoons and outer slopes in 10-80 m. Indo-Asian Pacific: Red Sea and E. Africa to Papua New Guinea. - S.W. Japan to N. Australia.

Oronge-striped Emperor - Blotched Phase

ID: May quickly camouflage to mottled and blotched shades of brown especially when sheltering in seagrass. branching gorgonians or corals also at night, but still distinguished by yellow stripe from base of pectoral fin to tail. Most emperors can quickly change to a similar mottled pattern.

Smolltooth Emperor - Mottled Phase

ID: May camouflage by changing to mottled and blotched shades of brown, especially at night, but still distinguished by dark streaks radiating from fore lower quarter of eye. Most species of emperors can quickly change to a similar mottled pattern primarily when near bottom.

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