Vertebrata Actinopterygii Perciformes Sciaenidae Highhat Pareques acuminatus

Aquascaping Shy fish that needs many good, shady hiding places. A thick sand bed and live rock provide live, natural foods. ■ Feeding Feeds on crustaceans and polychaete worms in the wild. Expect to use live foods only, at least initially.

Compatibility Safe with corals, but will eat various invertebrates and small fishes. Grows too large for most reef systems

An interesting Caribbean species, and not quite as delicate and demanding as the related Jackknife Fish. Needs peaceful surroundings.

Vertebrata; Actinopterygll; Perciformes; Mullidae

Bicolor Goatfish Parupeneus barberinoides

25 cm (9.8 in.) Western Pacific

Aquascaping Needs plenty of thick, soft substrate for digging. ■ Feeding Feeds on benthic invertebrates, such as worms and crustaceans. Substitute meaty foods are often accepted, but appropriate nutrition in captivity is often a problem.

Compatibility Safe with corals. Will eat bottom-dwelling invertebrates. worms, and crustaceans, and occasionally smaller fishes.

An appealing fish that grovels in the sand, but surprisingly difficult to feed and keep. For experienced aquarlsts only.

Aquasacpes Bottom Dwellers

Vertebrata; Actinopterygii; Perclformes; Mullidae Yeilowsaddle Goatfish Parupeneus cyclostomus

Aquascaping Needs ample swimming space. (1,000 L |260 gal.)) ■ Feeding Carnivorous: adapts to a diet of meaty aquarium foods more readily than most of its goatfish relatives.

Compatibility Will eat smaller fishes. Free living invertebrates, e.g., shrimps are also not safe.

Unlike most goatflshes, this species is not a substrate sifter and seems to feed on small fishes in the wild. Easier to keep than other goat-fishes. but grows far too large for most tanks.

Aquasacpes Bottom Dwellers

Vertebrata; Actinopterygii; Perciformes; Mullidae Blackstriped Goatfish Upeneus tragula

Aquascaping Needs plenty of thick, soft substrate for digging. ■ Feeding Feeds on benthic invertebrates, such as worms and crustaceans. Substitute meaty foods are often accepted, but appropriate nutrition in captivity is often a problem.

Compatibility Safe with corals. Will eat bottom-dwelling invertebrates, worms, and crustaceans, and occasionally smaller fishes.

An industrious forager and interesting to watch, but hard to keep. For experienced aquarists with large systems.

Vertebrata: Actinopterygii; Perciformes; Ephippidae

Aquascaping Adults will need plenty of swimming space.

■ Feeding Carnivorous: accepts various meaty foods.

■ Compatibility Not reef safe. May feed on or damage sponges, corals, other invertebrates, and small fishes.

Fairly peaceful, and reasonably hardy in comparison to other bat-fishes. Grows very fast and demands a very large aquarium, minimum 1,000 liters (260 gal.).

Orbiculate Batfish

Platax orbicularis

Indo-Paciftc

Aquasacpes Bottom DwellersAquasacpes Bottom Dwellers

Vertebrata; Actinopterygii: Perciformes; Chaetodontidae Threadfin Butterflyfish Chaetodon auriga

■ Aquascaping Well-established live rock provides natural surroundings and a variety of food organisms for butterflyfishes.

■ Feeding Carnivorous; accepts most meaty foods.

■ Compatibility Not reef safe. Will eat and damage a large number of sessile invertebrates, including corals.

Among the hardiest butterflyfishes. but generally not suitable for Invertebrate tanks. (A Red Sea subspecies lacks the black spot on its dorsal fin.) Good beginner s butterfly.

Vertebrata; Actinopterygii; Perciformes; Chaetodontidae Collare Butterflyfish Chaetodon collate

■ Aquascaping Well-established live rock provides natural surroundings and a variety of food organisms for butterflyfishes.

■ Feeding Feeds on stony coral polyps and small invertebrates in the wild. May accept fresh or frozen crustaceans (shrimps) and fish meat. Often difficult to feed.

■ Compatibility Not reef safe. Will eat stony coral polyps, although soft corals appear to be safe under most circumstances.

A classic butterflyfish—exceptionally handsome but hard to feed.

Live Rock Aquascaping Tips

Vertebrata; Actinopterygii: Perciformes; Chaetodontidae Foureye Butterflyflsh Chaetodon capistratus

15 cm (5.9 in.) Caribbean, Western Tropical Atlantic

Aquascaping Well-established live rock provides natural sur roundings and a variety of food organisms for butterflyfishes.

■ Feeding In nature, it feeds on zoanthids, gorgonians. tunicates, worms, and other invertebrates. Usually refuses substitute foods.

■ Compatibility Not reef safe.

A common and familiar Caribbean species that survives poorly In the aquarium. Only for very experienced aquarists who are able to put effort into experimental husbandry techniques.

Reef Tank Aquascape Techniques

Vertebrata: Actinopterygii: Perciformes; Chaetodontidae

Aquascaping Well-established live rock provides natural surroundings and a variety of food organisms for butterflyfishes.

Feeding Feeds on soft coral polyps in the wild, but substitute meaty foods are normally accepted. Feed several times daily. ■ Compatibility Not reef safe. Will eat and damage soft and stony corals. Aggressive toward its own species.

Among the hardiest of butterflyfishes. but generally not suitable for invertebrate tanks.

Blackback Butterflyfish

Chaetodon melannotus

Indo-west-Pacific

Vertebrata: Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Klein's Butterflyfish

Chaetodontidae Chaetodon klcinii

Indo-Pacific

Aquascaping Well-established live rock provides natural surroundings and a variety of food organisms for butterflyfishes. ■ Feeding Appears to have different food preferences, depending on its geographic origin. Meaty foods are readily accepted.

Compatibility Some specimens are reef safe. Most will not actively eat corals, but some may pick at soft corals.

Among the more hardy of the butterflyfishes, sometimes introduced to prey on Aiptasia spp. anemones. Needs vigilance in a reef tank.

Bluecheeked Butterfly Fish
+1 0

Post a comment